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Now for the really important part:
“Despite the evidence, for now it’s nearly impossible to prove a direct, thousand-year-old genetic link between Native (North) Americans and Icelanders.
“For starters, no living Native (North) American group carries the exact genetic variation found in the Icelandic families.
“But of the many known scattered versions that are related to the Icelandic variant, 95% are found in Native (North) Americans. Some East Asians, whose ancestors are thought to have been the first Americans, carry a similar genetic pattern, though.
“The Inuit, often called Eskimos, carry no version of the variant—a crucial detail, given that Greenland has a native Inuit population.
“Helgason speculates that the precise Icelandic variation may have come from a Native (North) American people that died out after the arrival of Europeans.”
originally posted by: Caver78
a reply to: bigfatfurrytexan
I should have known you read Dick Shovel!!!!! One of the least known under rated websites EVER!
btw I heartily miss Rick's Twinkies 101 as well.
One of my fav's is still elfshotgallery.blogspot.com...
Once you dig into Tim Rast's post's it gets addictive. While napping is not a skill I possess, the history he includes and archeological information is like "my crack".
( it's sad, I need an intervention)
Last year I got the privilege of scraping a fresh a bear skin with a 4 inch flint. Once you get the hand motion right it was shockingly easy! Actually it was difficult not to get overenthusiastic an take off too much. Best afternoon I've had in a LONG time!! The wood scrapers with imbedded shell were more difficult.
nother Old World C1 lineage, namely C1e, has recently popped up not in Siberia or East Asia where American Indians are thought to have originated, but in Icelanders (Ebenesersdóttir et al. 2011. “A new subclade of mtDNA haplogroup C1 found in Icelanders: Evidence of pre-Columbian contact?” Am J Phys Anthropol 144, 92-99). (Comp. the occurrence of some Sinodonty dental traits in Icelanders.) Its phylogenetic proximity to the Amerindian clades and the physical proximity of Iceland to the New World via the Atlantic invoked recent (past 1000 years) admixture from a New World population to the Norse as an explanation. It’s important that neither in the case of C1a, nor in the case of C1e researchers hesitate to postulate an Amerindian origin for these Old World branches of C1. The recent origin of C1e in Iceland, however, can hardly withstand close scrutiny because hg C is not found in the Inuits with whom the Vikings might have interacted around 10th century AD. Additionally, C1 was reported in Germans, Canarians, Indians and Bashkirs (these sequences lack np 16356 HVR-I diagnostic of the sub-clades C1a and np 16051 HVR-I diagnostic of C1d) further reinforcing the impression that it’s an old European clade driven into obscurity by either selection or massive population replacements.
The discovery of a new clade of C1, C1f, in a Mesolithic site in northwestern Russia suggests that C1e is of ancient origin and connects Siberian C1a with Icelandic C1e to form a Circumpolar/Circumpacific chain of C1 attestations going back to at least the Early Holocene. Der Sarkisssian offers a nice map showing the breadth of the distribution of hg C1.