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originally posted by: thinline
When big tobacco says smoking is safe so give big tobacco your money. Did you believe it?
When big government says, climate change is dangerous, give us your money. Do you believe it?
I thin it's common knowledge that the Clintins are the mist corrupt politicians of our time. Do you really think they would have picked Al Gore as a VP if he was a choir boy?
To sum up, “addiction” or “dependence” are malleable concepts situated in specific social, political, and scientific contexts, but the parties involved in litigation spoke more as if they were universal scientific truths to be unveiled or denied. At the same time, expert witnesses for each side used different definitions. Experts appearing for the defendants favored the 1964 SGAC report's conclusion that tobacco smoking was a habituation rather than an addiction, a definition taken from the WHO's 1957 report, which in turn was influenced by concerns about international drug control policy, not just “scientific” inquiry. Despite the alternative understandings of addiction in scientific currency at the time, the use of the WHO definitions was largely encouraged by Maurice Seevers, who had links with the tobacco industry. Whether or not the 1964 SGAC report's conclusion that tobacco was habit-forming rather than addictive was the result of the tobacco industry's influence is difficult to determine. The plaintiffs’ experts used the 1988 surgeon general's report definition, which was based on criteria from the American Psychiatric Association, the National Institute for Drug Abuse, and the revised 1964 WHO definition. Clearly, to the scientist, whether or not tobacco is addictive depends on the definition used and how it is applied. Although using different definitions, all the expert witnesses argued from a positivist framework and used the same source as an authority: the US surgeon general.