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originally posted by: Gh0stwalker
a reply to: Foundryman
Unless we were made to be imperfect... Can't surpass our creators now, can we?
originally posted by: burgerbuddy
Some think mother earth is alive.
Gaia ring a bell?
Seriously tho, if ya ain't gots no universe, ya ain't gots no planets.
originally posted by: maria_stardust
a reply to: neoholographic
Keep ID in Sunday school where is belongs.
Researchers at the University of Washington and Microsoft are developing one of the first complete storage systems to house digital data in DNA. The news comes as the digital universe is expected to hit 44 trillion gigabytes by 2020.
“Life has produced this fantastic molecule called DNA that efficiently stores all kinds of information about your genes and how a living system works. It’s very, very compact and very durable,” said co-author Luis Ceze, UW associate professor of computer science and engineering, in a press release.
“We’re essentially repurposing it to store digital data, pictures, videos, documents, in a manageable way for hundreds or thousands of years.”
Researchers said DNA molecules can store information many millions of times more densely than existing technology for digital storage, such as flash drives and hard drives, as well as magnetic and optical media. Those systems also degrade after a few years, while DNA can preserve information for centuries.
originally posted by: neoholographic
a reply to: TerryDon79
Of course I answered them. You haven't answered one question as it pertains to the process and the mechanics of gene oproduction. You're asking questions that make no sense as it pertains to this thread.
These genes are subject to randomness and evolution after the intelligently designed genes reach the environment. Just like a car is subject to the environment after it leave the assembly line and is driven off of the lot.
So either you don't understand what I'm talking about or you keep asking questions without answering anything or debating any issue.
How did the mechanics of the lac operon evolve?
Why does the repressor attach itself to the operator and how did the mechanics evolve?
Why does the repressor attach to the operator when lactose isn't present and how did the mechanics evolve?
Why do you have promoter, operator then genes and how did this sequence evolve?
What stops the RNA Polymerase when the repressor is attached to the operator? Why can't it express the lac genes and how did this mechanism evolve?
How did Repressors, Enhancers and Activators evolve and how did the mechanics evolve for there role in gene regulation?
Which evolved first the enhancers, activators, promoter region or DNA coding sequence and how did the mechanics evolve?
How did the bending protein evolve and how did the mechanics evolve where the bending protein folds the DNA strand to the spot near the promoter which activates gene expression?
Why does the activators attach themselves to the enhancers and how did the mechanics evolve?
Which evolved first gene regulation or gene expression? How did these things evolve and how did the mechanics evolve?
Gene regulation and expression needs proteins in order to regulate the expression of genes. Which evolved first, how did it evolve and how did the mechanics evolve? Did the expression come before the regulation or did they both just magically appear as a system that works beautifully together?
Again, I'm talking about the process and the mechanics of gene expression and regulation and so far, you havn't debated anything as it pertains to this thread.
originally posted by: Phantom423
a reply to: neoholographic
What may seem obvious to you is not reflected in the science:
Fast turnover of genome transcription across evolutionary time exposes entire non-coding DNA to de novo gene emergence
Rafik Neme Diethard Tautz
Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Germany
Published February 2, 2016
Cite as eLife 2016;5:e09977
Deep sequencing analyses have shown that a large fraction of genomes is transcribed, but the significance of this transcription is much debated. Here, we characterize the phylogenetic turnover of poly-adenylated transcripts in a comprehensive sampling of taxa of the mouse (genus Mus), spanning a phylogenetic distance of 10 Myr. Using deep RNA sequencing we find that at a given sequencing depth transcriptome coverage becomes saturated within a taxon, but keeps extending when compared between taxa, even at this very shallow phylogenetic level. Our data show a high turnover of transcriptional states between taxa and that no major transcript-free islands exist across evolutionary time. This suggests that the entire genome can be transcribed into poly-adenylated RNA when viewed at an evolutionary time scale. We conclude that any part of the non-coding genome can potentially become subject to evolutionary functionalization via de novo gene evolution within relatively short evolutionary time spans.
No "creator" is required for this process. The de novo gene is self assembled and self organized in the DNA molecule. No magic wand required.
Although considered an extremely unlikely event, many genes emerge from previously noncoding genomic regions. This review covers the entire life cycle of such de novo genes. Two competing hypotheses about the process of de novo gene birth are discussed as well as the high death rate of de novo genes. Despite the high death rate, some de novo genes are retained and remain functional, even in distantly related species, through their integration into gene networks. Further studies combining gene expression with ribosome profiling in multiple populations across different species will be instrumental for an improved understanding of the evolutionary processes operating on de novo genes.