There has in recent times been a great deal of woo type speculation over the communal burial towers of the Andes known as Chulpas, what is less
considered known to the point of almost totally is that almost the exact same structures were constructed in the land of Magan.
Magan is referred to as ‘copper mountain’ in early Mesopotamian texts and
it is precisely through the mining and trading of copper that this land entered Sumerian history
A series of productions of an unmistakable Dilmun character, including seals, have appeared at archaeological sites in both Oman and the United Arab
Emirates (UAE), revealing the local trading connections of the country
One of the most frequent architectural forms in the ancient Magan region are the large watchtowers and the sophisticated castles.
This even to the extent that often these cyclopean constructs share the same fascination with multi-angled stones, particularly those providing
entrance, even though often only the lower courses of these remain to be seen they did achieve full height, the dating for these commences at around
4,700 years ago for the best constructed, but as far back as around 6,000 years ago for the earlier versions, the main difference being that in scale
the first examples were for the extended family whereas the monumental versions provided burial for the entire community.
Many examples of these formidable beehive-shaped Hafit tombs are to be found,
occasionally singly on mountain ridges but more frequently concentrated in groups or even in vast necropolises While Hafit graves appear to be
nucleus-family tombs with never more than a few burials, the monumental UEN type tombs, with dozens and even hundreds of lying bodies, give the
impression of being collective graves.
Some of them where built to an imposing monumental scale using huge slabs
An interesting question with regards to Magan is to what extent this was a Sumerian colony or whether it was an entirely independent trading partner,
i don't think the answer to that can yet be known, certainly even as far back as the Ubaid period there were trading connections and in the Enki and
Ninhursag myth the Goddess Nintulla is given as the ruler of Magan, her name meaning Lady of the Herd, and perhaps seen symbolized by the gazelle.
There has been consideration with regards to the orientation of these tombs;
UEN cyclopean tombs have a very characteristic plan: They had the form of disks,with a meridian and several – often 4 –subsidiary walls creating
as many as sixchambers, and they were well dressed with fine white limestone
On the one hand, Hafit graves show a non-random distribution (positive declinations above major northernmost lunar declination are avoided) with two
significant peaks: the highest at an interval between −50º and −29º and a lower one c. −5º.
We may think of the setting of bright or conspicuous culturally relevant stars, such as the group formed by the Southern Cross and α and β Centauri
for the former and Aldebaran (following the Pleiades) for the latter.
Star symbols have been found in Dilmun seals in Magan, but in the authors’ experience, stellar alignments are difficult to justify without further
On the first cultural horizon, that of the Hafit, beehive-shaped dry-stone graves were built, and perhaps oriented, according to our analysis, to the
first crescent of the moon visible in the west close to conspicuous yearly markers, such as the winter solstice.
Orientation of tombs in ancient Magan
Their archaeo-astronomical ponderings then far from conclusive, but there may be a more direct way to correlate the internal structuring of these
tombs with classic Dilmun and Magan symbolism as well as Mesopotamian myth, were the star at the top of the standard/tree of life held aloft by Enki
and Ninhursag represented the constellation Canis Major/star Sirius, and was associated with the birth of eight Deities, including the rulers of Magan
and Dilmun, Nintulla and Ninsikila respectively.
In symbolic terms that would make good sense, that in death they were collectively assembled like so many star people within their highest regarded
In general i think there should be a lot more evidence forthcoming from the lands of Dilmun and Magan in the future, for example the city of Tell
Abraq seems quite well preserved and hasn't been extensively excavated, the first dig occuring in 1982 and on and off since, there is the entire
walled city there.;
They did find there the largest communal burial tower which contained the remains of hundreds of people.
Finds at Tell Abraq
And there is a nice little ziggurat at Arja in Oman;
Another interesting point is the similarity in early period
artifacts from Tell Abraq
and those of
early/pre Dynastic Egypt, such as their design of ivory combs, there has long been suggestion of some settlement or contact through a sea faring
culture arriving from the shores of the Red sea, which would be a whole different level of intrigue.
edit on Kam33175vAmerica/ChicagoWednesday1631 by Kantzveldt because: (no reason given)
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