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...that at least half the information on the Soviet Union and Eastern European in CIA’s files was pure falsehood.
The Pentagon determined that the best way to blunt a Soviet advance was to cut the Red Army’s supply lines in Romania.
…sent two of his aids to see Truman’s White House counsel, Clark Clifford. They argued that “the original concept of the CIG should now be altered” to make it an “operational agency.” Without any legal authority, it became one. One that same day, Vandenberg personally asked Secretary of War Robert Patterson and Secretary of state James Byrnes to slip him an additional $10 million. They did.
It took soviet intelligence and the Romanian secret police only a few weeks to sniff out the spies.
With the Truman Doctrine, President Harry S. Truman established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces. The Truman Doctrine effectively reoriented U.S. foreign policy, away from its usual stance of withdrawal from regional conflicts not directly involving the United States, to one of possible intervention in far away conflicts.
The oceans have shrunk, until today both Europe and Asia border the United States almost as do Canada and Mexico.
The National Security Act of 1947 mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of the U.S. Government. The act created many of the institutions that Presidents found useful when formulating and implementing foreign policy, including the National Security Council (NSC).... The act also established the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which grew out of World War II-era Office of Strategic Services and small post-war intelligence organizations. The CIA served as the primary civilian intelligence-gathering organization in the government.
Italy, in addition to having the strongest Communist Party in Western Europe, was not a very resolute ally of the United States. During the Italian election of 1948, when the communists had threatened to take over the country through the ballot box, the US intervened covertly to support democratic parties. Less than a year after the National Security Act of 1947 was enacted, the Truman administration, confronted with the threat of communists coming to power in the Italian elections, decided to use the CIA to channel support to the non-communist parties opposing them. The CIA general counsel at the time, Lawrence Houston, had opened several months earlier that the appropriations committees had not had this kind of activity in mind when they approved the Agency's appropriation and thus would need to be informed of and approve the expenditure of appropriated funds for such purposes.