a reply to: VeritasBlue
You wrote: QUOTE "I wonder if a divorced couple found themselves drawn to the Catholic Church and love the mass but do not receive communion are they
still not Christian? What if they live celibate but no one KNOWS that. Are they still sinning? Jesus said that there would be those would be
persecuted for his name sake..." UNQUOTE
A divorced individual who is being barred from the Communion table in Catholicism is the object of a process called 'ex-communication' which means the
believer cannot partake of the Lord's table, and is thus committed to 'hell' upon death according to Catholic Doctrine, unless he receives penance
before he dies and is thus re-communicated to the Faith.
During the Middle Ages, formal acts of public excommunication were accompanied by a ceremony wherein a bell was tolled (as for the dead), the Book of
the Gospels was closed, and a candle snuffed out — hence the idiom "to condemn by bell, book, and candle." Such ceremonies are rarely held today,
and instead are simply announced by the bishop and put into a book.
Excommunication: n. an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict
certain rights within it, in particular reception of the sacraments. Some Protestant sects use the term "disfellowship" for the same thing.
Excommunication may involve banishment, shunning, and shaming, depending on the religion, the offense that caused excommunication, or the rules or
norms of the religious community. The grave act can be revoked in response to sincere Penance, which may be manifested through public recantation,
sometimes through the Sacrament of Confession, piety, and/or through mortification of the flesh.
Under Catholic canon law, Excommunicates remain bound by ecclesiastical obligations such as attending Mass, even though they are barred from receiving
Communion (eating the flesh of Jesus) and from taking an active part in the liturgy (reading, bringing the offerings, etc.). "Excommunicates lose
rights, such as the right to the sacraments, but they are still bound to the obligations of the law; their rights are restored when they are
reconciled through the remission of the penalty."[
According to Bishop Thomas J. Paprocki, "the act of excommunication does not actually expel the person from the Catholic Church, but simply forbids
the excommunicated person from engaging in certain activities such as taking communion and forbids any access to the Sacraments."
These activities are listed in Canon 1331 §1, and prohibit the individual from any ministerial participation in celebrating the sacrifice of the
Eucharist or any other ceremonies of worship; celebrating or receiving the sacraments; or exercising any ecclesiastical offices, ministries, or
edit on 7-2-2016 by Sigismundus because: stutteringg computerrr keyyboarddd