Wow, emile, this could end up being a very long post but I will be as brief as I can.
Firstly, the Hawker company was formed out of Sopwith (who had built the famous Sopwith Camel and Sopwith Pup etc) by Tom Sopwith and Harry Hawker
when the Sopwith company was forced into liquidation by excessive tax demands by the British Govt after World War 1.
Now the planes;
You ask how many Hawker types there are, well, I have a book on Hawker aircraft which runs to 700 pages emile so there are far too many to detail
here, however I will stick to the ones you specifically ask about in this post to keep it as simple as I can (and in order to do this I must also miss
plenty out as there were sub variants such as ’Persian Fury’, ‘Panther Fury’ etc which really cloud the issue!
The Hawker Woodcock
was only Hawkers second design and still looks very much like the Sopwith Camel/Snipe family that it is descended from. A
single seat fighter of relatively sluggish performance it only equipped two RAF squadrons compared to its more successful rival the AW Siskin. It was
also produced for the Danish air force as the Hawker Danecock. It is actually quite easy to identify as it bears no relation to the later Hart/Fury
was also unrelated to the Hart family and was a small basic trainer of unremarkable appearance.
The rest of the Hawkers you ask about can be split into two groups, the 2 seaters and the single seaters, Within these two groups identifying
individual types is very difficult, if not impossible, from visual clues.
the single seaters
Skipping the Hornbill and the Hoopoe prototypes which were identical to the following types except for radial engines we can keep this simple by
stating that there was basically only one single engined type, the Fury
. There is also the Hornet and the Nimrod but the Hornet was just the
private venture prototype that was basically a Kestrel engined Hoopoe, that became the Fury in RAF service and the Nimrod was the carrier capable
version of the Fury with a hook fitted, apart from Spats on the wheels of the Fury and Nimrod Mk II’s and long exhaust shrouds for night flying
versions there is nothing much to choose between them. Other than that the Nimrod Mk II also had its wings angled slightly backwards in a similar
fashion to the Tiger Moth.
the two seaters
These were much more prolific and it can be very hard to distinguish between them.
The daddy of the series was the Hart,
this light bomber was so successful that it was chosen as the basis for a variety of versions. The Hart
was a major refinement and redesign of the unsuccessful Harrier and also introduced the kestrel engine which allowed for its streamlined appearance.
This engine also endowed it with superior performance to the RAF fighters of the day and led to the Fury being developed. Here is a hart that was
still in service during WW2.
was visually identical to the Hart but was a two seat fighter and carried a frazer nash gun turret, this was not an enclosed turret
however, the gunner was still open to the elements so there isn’t much of a visual clue there.
was a version of the Hart used for fleet spotter and reconnaissance duties and the Hart Prototype also served as the Osprey
prototype, Like the Fury/Nimrod, the only visible difference between the Hart and Osprey was the latters arrestor hook.
was effectively still a Hart, but used in the army co-operation role and its only visible difference was its extended exhaust
manifold which extended down the side of the fuselage in the same manner as the night fighting Demon.
A tropicalised version of the Hart used for air policing duties in Iraq entered service as the Hawker Hardy
. Again, there is no real outward
difference from the basic Hart.
A close support version of the Hart was produced for the South African Air Force as the Hawker Hartbees.
The replacement for the Hart light bomber with the RAF was the Hawker Hind
. This was yet another Hart variant but this time fitted with a more
powerful version of the Kestrel engine and improver accommodation in the cockpit with the rear cockpit sides cut down like those of the Demon turret
fighter. The one obvious visual clue to identify the Hind is that this was the first version to be fitted with a tailwheel instead of a skid. The Hind
was only ever intended to be an interim type until the Battle and Blenheim monoplanes became operational.
The final Hart variant was the Hector
, this was an army co-operation aircraft to replace the Audax and was borne out of a need to cut the
demand for Kestrel engines. This makes it the most easily identifiable version with its distinct nose profile designed around its Napier Dagger