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2. Gallipoli could have shortened the war
The entire plan was nonsense. The theory was that the Royal Navy would pass through the Dardanelles, bombard Istanbul (Constantinople), and knock Turkey out of the war, which would strengthen Russia and weaken Germany, and shorten the war. But Turkey was propped up by Germany, not the other way round. The Ottoman Empire was huge and there was no guarantee that taking the capital would knock it out of the war.
Even if a supply route could be opened to Russia, Britain had no spare weapons and munitions to send it, and the Russian railway system was too primitive for that country to send grain the other way.
Even if the mines in the straits had been cleared and the battleships had got through (and it was not a given that the fleet would arrive at Constantinople unscathed) the question remains: what would happen next? The foreign secretary, Sir Edward Grey, admitted it was hoped that the presence of a hostile fleet would bring about a coup d’état that would lead to Turkey dropping out of the war. There is no credible evidence that such a coup would have been triggered. If that didn’t happen, and lacking soldiers to fight a ground campaign, the fleet would have had little choice but to turn tail and retrace its steps, humiliated. The whole concept was founded, to a remarkable degree, on wishful thinking.
originally posted by: Ismynameimportant
Also I wanted to know if woodrow in his mind had already decided
to go to war but needed the american public behind him.
propaganda at the time was...interesting.