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Reporting in the journal Judgment and Decision Making, the researchers asked subjects to rate quotes that are philosophical, mundane, or simply BS—the latter consisting, in their words, of "seemingly impressive assertions that are presented as true and meaningful but are actually vacuous"—on a profundity scale. The team also tested participants' cognitive and reasoning ability. The researchers found that those who are "more receptive" to BS have lower "verbal and fluid intelligence" and are more likely to believe in the paranormal, conspiracy theories, and alternative medicine.
"Although bull**** is common in everyday life and has attracted attention from philosophers, its reception (critical or ingenuous) has not, to our knowledge, been subject to empirical investigation."
For actual examples of readily propagated BS, Forbes reports PhD candidate Gordon Pennycook and his team turned to the Twitter feed of Deepak Chopra, highlighting tweets such as "Attention and intention are the mechanics of manifestation." The Telegraph reports the researchers also used this website, which composes made-up pseudo-profound statements like this one: "Growth is the richness of life, and of us." The researchers found that participants assigned the website-generated BS and Chopra's tweets similar profoundness ratings.
Essentially, it means grand-sounding statements which mean nothing - many people post such things on Instagram.
The paper said that those who were more receptive to the bulls*** statements and who tended to rate them higher were "less reflective, lower in cognitive ability(i.e verbal and fluid intelligence, numeracy,) and are more prone to ontological confusions and conspiratorial ideation."
It also said they were more likely to "hold religious and paranormal beliefs, and are more likely to endorse complementary and alternative medicine."
"our findings are consistent with the idea that the tendency to rate vague, meaningless statements as profound is a legitimate psychological phenomenon that is consistently related to at least some variables of theoretical interest."
In fact, I believe we needed legislation to stop this from being as prominent as it was. Here is a list of 50 documented assinations or attempts, by CIA and others. Even though some may be disputed, likely not all 100% can be, no matter what position you take on the matter.
"Government involved in assassinations".
Well, again this is documented. There was the drone strike against Anwar Al-Awlaki who was actually a prominent voice for the government, shortly after 9/11. He railed against radicalism and spoke openly in favour of US operations, however, when Iraq was invaded his opinions changed, and his speaking engagements were suddenly deemed 'radicalized' he eventually fled the county and was considered an enemy combatant. However, still a US citizen. Eventually he was killed in an airstrike that killed him, as well as his young teenage son. The family was devastated.
"Government agencies have been involved in assassinations of their own citizens"
was removed due to a large num- ber of skipped questions. Participants were also given an attention check. For this, participants were shown a list of activities (e.g., biking, reading) directly below the following instructions: “Below is a list of leisure activities. If you are reading this, please choose the “other” box below and type in ‘I read the instructions’”. This attention check proved rather difficult with 35.4% of the sample failing (N = 99).
University of Waterloo undergraduates (N = 280, 58 male, 222 female, Mage = 20.9, SDage = 4.8) volunteered to take part in the study in return for course credit.
I am a bit sad you make claims, but dint really read the thing, there where several trials and half of them were made on Amazon (warehouse?) employees, also a small sample size.
originally posted by: Abysha
a reply to: eisegesis
Maybe the study is "BS" and releasing it is actually part of the real study to see who believes it.
originally posted by: eisegesis
Scientists Figure Out What Type of Person Believes BS
originally posted by: boncho
3) the participants were University of Waterloo students, who were simply participating for course credits. Hardly a good sample of the population, students also lack life experience and critical thinking skills.
Just throwing chum in the waters, nothing more.
originally posted by: Swills
a reply to: eisegesis
I don't understand what's so hard to believe that stupid people are prone to be bullshi**ed.