alternatively: Forget about Philip J. Corso, read Philip J. Klaas -
Analysis and background of SOM 1-01:
" Another "MJ-12 document" surfaced on March 14, 1994, when long-time UFOlogist Don Berliner received a roll of undeveloped 35 mm. black/white film
which had been mailed from La Crosse, Wisc., by an anonymous source. When the film was developed on March 22, it contained photos of 21 pages from a
31-plus-page document titled "MAJESTIC-12 GROUP SPECIAL OPERATIONS MANUAL (SOM-101): EXTRATERRESTRIAL ENTITIES AND TECHNOLOGY RECOVERY AND
DISPOSAL." The document, dated April 7, 1954, carried the classification "TOP SECRET/MAJIC EYES ONLY." Berliner, co-author with Friedman of the
1992 book "Crash At Corona," promptly gave a copy to the General Accounting Office (GAO) which had just launched its investigation into
crashed-saucer claims [SUN #25/Jan. 1994].
Curiously, more than eight months would elapse before Berliner decided to inform his co-author/partner about SOM 1-01, which Friedman later
characterized as "the mother of all Majestic-12 documents" in his book "Top Secret/MAJIC" (p. 161). Friedman devotes a chapter of the book to SOM
1-01 and reproduces much of its contents. Friedman says he later provided a copy of the SOM 1-01 to his friend Dr. Robert Wood for analysis and
authentication, explaining that "I trust [Wood] completely; excellent technical background, sound judgment, very knowledgeable about UFOs and high
security." (During Wood's employment by McDonnell Douglas he held a "Top Secret" security clearance.)
Friedman's chapter on SOM 1-01 suggests that when the book was published in 1996, he had ambivalent views on the authenticity of SOM 1-01: "A
detailed proposal to validate this document by investigating internal references, the appropriateness of the procedures enumerated, the relationship
to other MJ-12 documents, and the occurrences of any possible anachronisms has been made by myself, Dr. Wood, Dr. Bruce Maccabee, and another
researcher, and it awaits funding. Based upon past experience, authentication will be no easy task..." Authentication, or "de-authenti-cation,"
would be easier if Friedman and Wood were more rigorous and less credulous.
The alleged objective of SOM 1-01, as stated on p. 4, is: "This operations manual is published for the information and guidance of all concerned. It
contains information on determination, documentation, collection, and disposition of debris, devices, craft, and occupants of such craft as defined as
Extraterrestrial Technology or Extraterrestrial Biological Entities (EBEs) in Section II of this chapter." But the contents of SOM 1-01 reveal it
was written to provide useful "evidence" for those who promote the myth of crashed-saucer recovery and government coverup. Much of the information
in SOM 1-01 would not be needed by UFO-recovery teams.
DISCREPANCIES REVEAL MJ-12 SPECIAL OPERATIONS MANUAL IS A HOAX
On p. 4, SOM 1-01 instructs MJ-12 UFO-recovery units on how to keep the press and the public from learning that any UFOs are ET craft by falsely
explaining UFO sightings and crashed saucers as "meteors, downed satellites, weather balloons and military aircraft..." (Emphasis added.) But as of
April 1954, no man-made earth satellite had ever been launched and more than three years would elapse before the first satellite was launched by the
USSR on Oct. 4, 1957. It reentered on Jan. 4, 1958. Thus, if prior to late 1957 an MJ-12 unit followed SOM 1-01's instructions and tried to explain
a crashed UFO as being a "downed satellite," it would be an obviously ridiculous explanation. Dr. Wood sought to counter this discrepancy by
claiming that "in 1954 there were references in open literature talking about our plans for satellites." (Emphasis added.) Wood did not cite a
single specific to back up his claim. He couldn't. It was not until April 26, 1955, that the USSR became the first to announce plans to build and
launch an earth satellite. And it was not until July 29, 1955, that President Eisenhower announced that the U.S. would also build and launch a
Some of the discrepancies are a bit subtle. For example, a "Current Situation" status report on p. 3 states that as of early 1954, "Several dead
entities have been recovered along with a substantial amount of wreckage and devices from downed craft....One of the crashes was the result of direct
military action" (but no details are provided). The Eisenhower briefing document states that four dead ETs were recovered in New Mexico in mid-1947,
while two of the Cooper documents report five ET bodies. But nearly seven years later, only "several dead" ETs have been recovered?? SOM 1-01
reports two types of ETs:
Very skinny humanoid, 41-50 in. tall, which weigh only 25-50 lb. Skin is bluish-gray in color. Very large heads, extremely large wrap-around eyes,
slits for nose and mouth. Webbed feet. SOM 1-01 states: "Creatures do not appear to be mammalian."
Humanoid, 60-64 in. tall, which weigh 80-100 lb. Eyes are small, almond-shaped, very wide mouth, skin color is pale, chalky-yellow. SOM 1-01 says:
"Might be mistaken for human beings of the Oriental race if seen from a distance." [SUN Comment: "UFO abductees" do not offer similar
descriptions. Perhaps this type of ET does not engage in abductions.]
STILL MORE SOM 1-01 DISCREPANCIES
SOM 1-01 contains a chart purportedly showing where recovered ET technology should be sent. Seven of the ll categories, including "aircraft" and
"powerplant," were to be sent to "Area 51 S4," rather than to Wright-Patterson AFB in Ohio where the USAF's aeronautical and propulsion experts
were then located. (Thus SOM 1-01 seems to confirm recent-vintage claims that Area 51, located in Nevada and part of Nellis Air Force Base, is used to
test and reverse-engineer captured UFOs.) But in 1954, when SOM 1-01 allegedly was printed, that site was known as "Watertown." The "Site 51"
terminology was first used in 1958. In Dr. Wood's October UFO talk, he said that SOM 1-01 critics "claim that Area 51 did not exist in 1954." He
quoted a Jan. 1951 newspaper article which said "Indian Springs Project Keyed To Defense Plans," but it made no mention of "Area 51."
SOM 1-01's Table of Contents lists "Photographs" on p. 31, but that page was one of those missing from the film received by Berliner. Dr. Wood
said that "all those photographs were removed by order of MJ-12 on the 12th of April, 1955," but he did not disclose the source of this information.
Wood speculated that the photos showed ETs which MJ-12 officials considered far too sensitive to be included in a document even so highly classified
as "TOP SECRET/MAJIC EYES ONLY."
One SOM 1-01 page showed sketches of four predominant UFO configurations. At the time SOM 1-01 (allegedly) was written, the Battelle Memorial
Institute (under Project Blue Book contract) was analyzing 1,700 UFO reports which had been submitted to the USAF from 1947 to 1952. When the
Battelle report was published in 1955, it cited four different UFO shapes which seemed to defy prosaic explanation. NONE of the four was triangular
shaped. But one of the four UFO shapes cited in SOM 1-01 which attracted SUN's attention was triangular in shape with lights at each apex, which
closely resembled the triangular-shaped "UFO" photo taken in Belgium in April 1990. Prior to the Belgian UFO photo, which achieved international
fame (and the counterfeiter's attention), reports of triangular-shaped UFOs were extremely rare. Another of the UFO configurations cited in SOM 1-01
was shaped like an ice-cream cone, which Wood admitted was unfamiliar to him. "
" As a result of numerous flaws in SOM 1-01, a statement denouncing it as counterfeit was released on March 14, 1999. It was signed by Berliner and
several other prominent pro-UFOlogists. By this time, a new batch of more than a dozen Majestic documents obtained from Tim Cooper had recently been
made public by Robert Wood and his son Ryan at a UFO conference in Connecticut. They had strongly endorsed the authenticity of the documents, although
Wood admitted that there were flaws in them. But he claimed that these anomalies "tend to indicate authenticity. . . . [Document] hoaxers generally
try to make sure they are perfect. "