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Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 crashed as a result of a Russian-made 9M38 Buk missile, the Dutch Safety Board says.
The Dutch Safety Board presented its findings first to the victims' relatives before briefing reporters at the Gilze-Rijen military base in the Netherlands.
10. Weapon used
The aeroplane was struck by a 9N314M warhead as carried on a 9M38-series missile
and launched by a Buk surface-to-air missile system. This conclusion is based on the
combination of the following; the recorded sound peak, the damage pattern found
on the wreckage caused by the blast and the impact of fragments, the bow-tie and
cubic shaped fragments found in the cockpit and in the bodies of the crew members
in the cockpit, the injuries sustained by three crew members in the cockpit, the
analysis of the in-flight break-up, the analysis of the explosive residues and paint
found and the size and distinct, bow-tie, shape of some of the fragments.
Missile flight paths
The area from which the possible flight paths of a 9N314M warhead carried on a
9M38-series missile as installed on the Buk surface-to-air missile system could have
commenced measures about 320 square kilometres in the east of Ukraine. Further
forensic research is required to determine the launch location. Such work falls outside
the mandate of the Dutch Safety Board, both in terms of Annex 13 and the Kingdom
Act ‘Dutch Safety Board’.
Over 500 fragments were recovered from the wreckage of the aeroplane, the remains of the crew members and passengers. Many of the objects were identified as personal belongings, aeroplane parts or objects that originated from the ground after impact. In addition, many of the objects were metal fragments that were suspected to be high-energy objects, or parts of them. From the second group of objects, 72 fragments that were similar in size, mass and shape were further investigated.
43 of the 72 fragments were found to be made of unalloyed steel and four of these fragments, although heavily deformed and damaged, had distinctive shapes; cubic and in the form of a bow-tie
Ii was conluded that the missile exploded within a few meter of the cockpit. I find this strange looking at the reconstruction of the plane. To me it seems that the spread of shrapnell does not correspond to this; I would expect the holes to be much closer to one and other. I also would expect more obvious blast damage.
originally posted by: RogueWave
a reply to: DJW001
That is not an answer. The fact that the warhead contains high explosives doesn't explain why the spread is that big at that distance. The explosion is supposed to be symmetric all around so the differences in the angle of trajectory between individual pieces should be fairly small at two meters distance, imo.