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The most important initial instinct of the most powerful individual or of his organized power structure is,
"Divide to conquer, and to keep conquered, keep divided."
"Great battles ensued—waged under the flags of England, France, and Spain—to determine who would become supreme master of the world's high-seas line of supply. These great nations were simply the operating fronts of behind-the-scenes, vastly ambitious individuals who had become so effectively powerful because of their ability to remain invisible while operating behind the national scenery. Always their victories were in the name of some powerful sovereign-ruled country. The real power structures were always the invisible ones behind the visible sovereign powers."
"world-power-stature individuals who vied for supreme mastery of the world's high seas lines of supply also operated invisibly through monarchs and nations over whom they had sufficient influence. Through such behind-the-throne influence the influenced nation's resources could be politically maneuvered into paying for the building and operation of the navies and armies that would seek to establish and protect their respective privately owned enterprises."
"Nor were these boats tiny. The galley fighting ships, with their rows of galley oars, could have a crew of over a hundred people ... But even those were small compared to the Phoenician cargo ships with their vast, rounded hulls. These ocean-going ships were built for huge loads and long hauls."
The Levant region was inhabited by people who themselves referred to the land as 'ca-na-na-um' as early as the mid-third millennium BCE.
while "Phoenician" and "Canaanite" refer to the same culture, archaeologists and historians commonly refer to the Bronze Age, pre-1200 BC Levantines as Canaanites and their Iron Age descendants, particularly those living on the coast, as Phoenicians.
Phoenicia is really a Classical Greek term used to refer to the region of the major Canaanite port towns, and does not correspond exactly to a cultural identity that would have been recognized by the Phoenicians themselves. .. However, in terms of archaeology, language, life style and religion, there is little to set the Phoenicians apart as markedly different from other Semitic cultures of Canaan. As Canaanites, they were unique in their remarkable seafaring achievements.
Akkad is sometimes regarded as the first empire in history, though there are earlier Sumerian claimants..
During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Semitic Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism. Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere between the 3rd and the 2nd millennia BC..
"After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the Akkadian people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two major Akkadian speaking nations: Assyria in the north, and, a few centuries later, Babylonia in the south."
At its peak, the Assyrian empire stretched from Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea to Persia (Iran), and from what is now Armenia to the Arabian Peninsula and Egypt.
The Amarna letters .. shed light on the culture and language of the Canaanite peoples in pre-biblical times. The letters, though written in Akkadian, are heavily colored by the mother tongue of their writers, who spoke an early form of Canaanite, the language family which would later evolve into its daughter languages, Hebrew and Phoenician.
( Armana letters) reflect the lively correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan .. and the state of international affairs between Egypt and the major powers of the Middle East, Babylonia, .. and Assyria..
- Herodotus' account (written c. 440 BC)
According to the Persians best informed in history, the Phoenicians began the quarrel. These people, .. having migrated to the Mediterranean and settled in the parts which they now inhabit, began at once, they say, to adventure on long voyages, freighting their vessels with the wares of Egypt and Assyria ...
The Phoenician ships were loaded with silver until they could carry no more, but it is said they got around this and carried yet more by casting even the anchors in silver. The result in the wider Mediterranean was a devaluation of the currency, but this mattered little to the Phoenicians who had access to as much wealth as they needed.
"Up until 1500 B.C. all money was cattle, lambs, goats, or pigs - live money
that was real life-support wealth, wealth you could actually eat. Steers were
by far the biggest food animal, and so they were the highest denomination
of money. The Phoenicians carried their cattle with them for trading, but
these big creatures proved to be very cumbersome on long voyages. This was
the time when Crete was the headquarters of the big-boat people.. Crete was called the Minoan civilization, the bull civilization,.."
"Graduating from carrying cattle along for trading in 1500 B.C. the Phoenicians invented metal money, which they first formed into iron half-rings that looked like a pair of bull's horns."
"If metal was being used for trading, then there were other kinds of metal they preferred trading with people - silver, copper, and gold were easy to judge by hefting and were more aesthetically pleasing than the forged iron bull horn symbols.
This soon brought metal coinage into the game of world trading, with the
first coin bearing the image of the sovereign of the homeland of the Phoenicians."
"The merchant bankers of Venice came to underwrite the Venetians' (the
Phoenicians') voyaging ventures. Such international trade financing swiftly
became the big thing in the banking game."
"It was the financing of such international voyaging, trading, and individual
travel as well as of vaster games of governmental takeovers that built
the enormous wealth-controlling fortunes of early European private banking
- Buckminster Fuller, Critical Path
This was the time when the Phoenicians began trading with people of so many different languages that, in need of a means of recording the different word sounds made by people around the world, the Phoenicians invented phonetic spelling—Phoenician spelling—which pronounced each successive sound separately and invented letter symbols for each sound. With phonetic spelling human written communication changed very much—from the visual metaphor - concept writing of the Orient, accomplished with complex idea-graphics (ideographs), several of which frequently experienced, generalized cartoons told the whole story visually. It was a big change from ideographs to the Phoenicians' phonetic spelling, wherein each letter is a single sound - having no meaning in itself - and whereby it took several sounds to make a whole word and many such words to make any sense—i.e., a sentence.
This is the historical event that Ezra Pound says coincides with the story of the Tower of Babel. Pound says that humanity was split into a babble of individually meaningless sounds while losing the conceptual symbols of whole ideas—powerful generalizations. You had to become an expert to understand the phonetic letter code. The spelling of words excluded a great many people from communicating, people who had been doing so successfully with ideographs.
The Phoenician alphabetic script of 22 letters was used at Byblos as early as 1500 B.C. This method of writing, later adopted by the Greeks, is the ancestor of the modern Roman alphabet.
All the European alphabets are descendants of the Phoenician, and all the Asiatic alphabets are descendants of the Aramaic variants of the Phoenician. The Phoenician alphabet is a forerunner of the Etruscan, Latin, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, and Syriac scripts among others, many of which are still in modern use.
The Phoenicians, Cretans, and the Mycenaeans, together, in fleets of
these big-ribbed and heavily planked ships, went to Troy and besieged it.
.. the Troy-besieging Greeks and Cretans came to Troy in ships ..
At this point in the history of swiftly evolving, multibanked, oar- and sail-driven fighting ships, the world power-structure control shifts westward to Italy. While historians place prime emphasis on the Roman legions as establishing the power of the Roman Empire, it was in fact the development of ships and the overseas line of supply upon which its power was built—by transporting those legions and keeping them supplied.
..in Italy—in the northeastern corner—is Venice,
the headquarters of the water-people. The Phoenicians—phonetically
the Venetians—had their south Mediterranean headquarters in Carthage in
northern Africa. In their western Mediterranean and Atlantic venturings
the Phoenicians became the Veekings. The Phoenicians—Venetians—in
their ships voyaged around the whole coast of Italy and sent in their people
to each castello (castle), one by one. The Venetians had an unlimited line of supply, and the people inside each castello did not. The people inside were starved out. Thus, all of the regional masters of the people in Italy hated the Venetians-Phoenicians-Veekings who were able to do this.
The pair of joined bull's horns symbolized that the particular ship carried
real-wealth traders—that there were cattle on board to be exchanged for local- wealth items. The Norsemen with their paired-horn headdress were the Phoenician, Veenetian, Veeking (spelled Viking but pronounced "Veeking" by the Vikings). Veenetians, Phoenicians. (Punitians, Puntits, Pundits. Punic Wars. Punt = boat = the boat people. Pun in some African Colored languages means "red," as in Red Sea.). The Veekings were simply the northernmost European traders. The Veekings, Veenitians, Feenicians, Friesians—i.e., Phoenicians, Portuguese—were cross-breeding water-world people.
Culture that is identifiably Etruscan developed in Italy after about 800 BC..
"As distinguished by its unique language, this civilization endured from the time of the earliest Etruscan inscriptions (ca. 700 BC) until its assimilation into the Roman Republic in the late 4th century BC."
"Etruscan civilization is the modern English name given to a civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria, and northern Latium."
"In Attic Greek, the Etruscans were known as Τυρρηνοὶ (Tyrrhēnioi), earlier Tyrsenoi, from which the Romans derived the names Tyrrhēni (Etruscans), Tyrrhēnia (Etruria).."
"The Etruscans, like the contemporary cultures of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, had a significant military tradition. In addition to marking the rank and power of certain individuals in Etruscan culture, warfare was a considerable economic boon to Etruscan civilization."
"Like many ancient societies, the Etruscans conducted campaigns during summer months, raiding neighboring areas, attempting to gain territory and combating piracy as a means of acquiring valuable resources such as land, prestige, goods, and slaves. It is also likely individuals taken in battle would be ransomed back to their families and clans at high cost. Prisoners could also potentially be sacrificed on tombs as an honor to fallen leaders of Etruscan society"
"The range of Etruscan civilization is marked by its cities. They were entirely assimilated by Italic, Celtic, or Roman ethnic groups, but the names survive from inscriptions and their ruins are of aesthetic and historic interest in most of the cities of central Italy. Etruscan cities flourished over most of Italy during the Roman Iron Age, marking the farthest extent of Etruscan civilization. They were gradually assimilated first by Italics in the south, then by Celts in the north and finally in Etruria itself by the growing Roman Republic"
"a trade agreement made between Etruscans and a group of Phoenicians around 500 BCE was found in 1964.."
"The Pyrgi Tablets, found in a 1964 excavation of a sanctuary of ancient Pyrgi on the Tyrrhenian coast of Italy (today the town of Santa Severa), are three golden leaves that record a dedication made around 500 BCE by Thefarie Velianas, king of Caere, to the Phoenician goddess ʻAshtaret. Pyrgi was the port of the southern Etruscan town of Caere. Two of the tablets are inscribed in the Etruscan language, the third in Phoenician."
"These writings are important in providing both a bilingual text that allows researchers to use knowledge of Phoenician to interpret Etruscan, and evidence of Phoenician or Punic influence in the Western Mediterranean."
Although little is known about the Etruscans, a few artifacts have been found showing a thin bundle of rods surrounding a two-headed axe. Fasces-symbolism might derive—via the Etruscans—from the eastern Mediterranean, with the labrys, the Anatolian and Minoan double-headed axe, later incorporated into the praetorial fasces.
"Minoan civilization reached its peak in the 2nd millennium BC"
"Some Minoan labrys have been found which are taller than a human and which might have been used during sacrifices. The sacrifices would likely have been of bulls. The bull and double-axe .."
"On Greek vase paintings, a labrys sometimes appears in scenes of animal sacrifice, particularly as a weapon for the slaying of bulls."
"By the time of the Roman Republic, the fasces had evolved into a thicker bundle of birch rods, sometimes surrounding a single-headed axe and tied together with a red leather ribbon into a cylinder."
"The fasces had its origin in the Etruscan civilization, and was passed on to ancient Rome, where it symbolized a magistrate's power and jurisdiction"
"The relationship between Rome and the Etruscans was not one of an outsider conquering a foreign people. The Etruscans considered Rome as one of their cities"
originally posted by: onequestion
Is your premise that secret societies and other hidden groups come from there ?
How does this fit in with the Me issues today?
Akkadian gradually replaced Sumerian as a spoken language somewhere between the 3rd and the 2nd millennia BC..
Assyrian Empire 650 BC
Up until 1500 B.C. all money was cattle, lambs, goats, or pigs
The merchant bankers of Venice came to underwrite the Venetians' (the Phoenicians') voyaging ventures. Such international trade financing swiftlybecame the big thing in the banking game."
the Phoenicians invented phonetic spelling—Phoenician spelling—
Note that the entire Western language descended from the 'Semitic' Phoenician, through Etruscan and Latin.
In their western Mediterranean and Atlantic venturings the Phoenicians became the Veekings.
So in the original usage of the words 'Semitic' and 'Hebrew' (Jew)
Double headed eagle of Lagash
Location of Lagash
One glaring mistake is that you think that the Hittite double-headed eagle at the Sphinx Gate is located over 2000 kilometres southeast. It is not in Mesopotamia, it is in modern day Turkey.
- Eagle of Lagash
The Masonic eagle is often referred to as the “Eagle of Lagash,” after one of the oldest uses of the emblem, in the ancient Sumerian city of Lagash. The two faced eagle was popularized in Europe by the Emperor Charlemagne, and the symbol was adopted formally into Freemasonry in the mid-eighteenth century, by the Council of Emperors of the East and West.
Completely false. A portion of currency was livestock, but in Mesopotamia and Egypt it was actually primarily beer. Case in point: ..
It is a complete myth that vikings wore horned helmets.
Is he trying to imply that the Venetians were descended from Phoenicians..?
Trying to connect these two words from different languages is a dirty trick.
No it didn't. I think you're confusing alphabet with language here. Western languages descend from indo-european sources.
the vikings did not have sails until the viking age,
Hebrew never meant "Jew"
- Who is a Jew?
The Jews, also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious group originating from the Israelites, or Hebrews..
Hebrews is a term appearing 34 times within 32 verses of the Hebrew Bible. While the term was not an ethnonym, it is mostly taken as synonymous with the Semitic-speaking Israelites..
Hebrew is a member of the Canaanite group of Semitic languages. It was the language of the early Jews..
originally posted by: nOraKat
I've never seen the original in the context of it's surroundings so I am not certain where it is.
Well if they did trade livestock the statement couldn't be completely false, right? I'm sure they traded all manner of things. The point of the narrative was to illustrate - leading up to the point of the Phoenician/viking traders to start using iron bull horn shaped objects for money.
I am not an archeologist and cannot say, but they have found horned helmets from antiquity, 1100 BCE (Veksø, Denmark). There must be a reason Bucky believed in that. Again not that important to the main points.
The Jews, also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious group originating from the Israelites, or Hebrews.. - Who is a Jew?