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The ultimatum game is a game in economic experiments. The first player (the proposer) receives a sum of money and proposes how to divide the sum between himself and another player. The second player (the responder) chooses to either accept or reject this proposal.
originally posted by: onequestion
They found that Americans would return the money no matter what out of spite for not receiving a better cut.
Similarly, Hoffman et al. (1991) show that
when participants believe that some individuals have “earned the right” to be proposers,
offers tend to be lower, and responders are more likely to accept low offers, than when
roles are perceived as randomly assigned.