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The St Clair family had a curious affinity for gypsies, at a time when the laws against harbouring them were stringent. In the middle of the 16th century, Sir William St Clair, grandson of the chapel builder, not only allowed gypsies to live in a part of Rosslyn Castle, but also intervened to save a gypsy from the gallows on Borough Moor. After this, it became the custom for gypsies to gather in Roslin Glen every May and June to perform plays. (The St Clairs of Caithness also protected gypsies in their lands.) Significantly the plays that they performed were those telling the tales of Robin Hood - which were also then, like the gypsies, banned by law, because of their pagan and subversive undertones. (The two towers of Rosslyn Castle in which the gypsies lived were called 'Robin Hood' and 'Little John'.)
Eustace was born a younger son of Baudoin Busket, a lord of the county of Boulogne. According to his biography, he went to Toledo, Spain, and studied black magic there. The author of the Histoire des Ducs de Normandie wrote in Eustace's own day, "No one would believe the marvels he accomplished, nor those which happened to him many times." He later returned home to become a Benedictine monk at St Samer Abbey near Calais, and then left the monastery to avenge his murdered father. Other evidence, however, suggests that his father's death occurred soon after 1190. That evidence proves that by 1202, Eustace was the seneschal and bailiff of the count of Boulogne, Renaud de Dammartin, and that in c. 1204, the two quarrelled and, accused of mishandling his stewardship, Eustace fled and was declared an outlaw. Renaud confiscated his lands and fields; Eustace burned two mills in retaliation.
Robin Hood is a heroic outlaw in English folklore who, according to legend, was a highly skilled archer and swordsman. Traditionally depicted as being dressed in Lincoln green, he is often portrayed as "robbing from the rich and giving to the poor" alongside his band of Merry Men. Robin Hood became a popular folk figure in the late-medieval period, and continues to be widely represented in literature, films and television.
The condemnative story is that as he made the nails to crucify Jesus Christ, the blacksmiths were condemned to wander the earth and never settle. Another version does not condemn blacksmiths. It says that the blacksmith was addressed by God in a dream, where he was told to make four nails, but only hand over three, as the fourth was intended to pierce the heart of Jesus. In return God gave his descendants the right to wander the earth (rather than cursing them to it) and also the right to steal from non-Romanies, without breaking the commandment Thou shalt not steal.
Fulk Fitzwarine Fulk Fitzwarine, also called for Fulke or Fouke FitzWaryn or Fitzwarren, was medieval outlaw from England in the 1200s. His story has survived in a family romance of an unknown author and preserved in English, French and Latin versions which is based on a lost verse romance from late 1300s. 'Fitz' is for 'son of'. Fulk was the son of Warin (Waryn or Warren). According to the narrative was Fulk Fitzwarine a young nobleman from Whittington who was sent as a young boy of King John of England, the king becomes eventually became his enemy. When he grew up was the family estate and titles taken from them. In the years 1200 and 1201 did Fulk Fitzwarine rebellion, was outlawed and hiding with his men in the forests of Windsor. On 15 November 1203 he and forty of his men amnesty. He then married Matilda of one caus. The story of Fulk Fitzwarine is an eclectic mix of reasonably accountable local history, but mixed with legends, myths and traditional folklore. The story has been noted in the striking degree that it has similarities with the myth of Robin Hood. Both had King John without land to be his enemy. Fulk had a brother named John, Robin Hood a companion named Little John. Fulk has a wife named Matilda and Robin Hood a girlfriend named Marian or Marion, but originally known as Mathilda. In addition there are three episodes in the story of Fulk which is almost identical with three similar episodes in the myth of Robin Hood.