The Peace of God to all that belong to the Light,
Today 40 years ago the first International space station was tested, its name was project Apollo-Soyuz, it was a historic first coordinate space
mission in between The United States of America and the Soviet Union. The Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) (Russian:
Экспериментальный полёт «Союз» — «Аполлон», Eksperimantalniy polyot Soyuz-Apollon, lit. "Experimental flight
Soyuz-Apollo"), conducted in July 1975, represented an extraordinary important example of the cooperation in between rival nations in benefit for
humanity and also the last flight of an Apollo spacecraft.
Its primary purpose was as a symbol of the policy of détente that the two superpowers were pursuing at the time, and marked the end of the Space Race
between them that began in 1957.
This was also a mission performed close to important political events in both sides of the world, for America was the anticipation of the 200 years of
its independence declaration, and for Russia and other nations of the USSR it was the just two years before of the proclamation of the last
constitution of the country that created the political framework that made possible the Perestroika.
Apollo-Soyuz was a visionary concept, it foresaw the era of current international cooperation in the conquest of the space and at the same time the
end of the cold war that were both so costly for the economies of America and USSR.
When Apollo-Soyuz was conceived both parts of the World, America and Russia in particular were suffering of stagnation in their economies, Vietnam war
was a terrible nightmare for the west as well as the Arab Oil embargo and Russia was also experiencing a slow down in its productivity in addition to
be affronting the possibility to be involved in the Afghanistan war due to the expansion of the Islamic fundamentalism on its borders since the
Revolution in Iran.
Apollo-Soyuz was extremely important to prove that Russia and America could develop successful partnerships for the benefit of the Human civilization.
It combined the technological advance of the American Space program in manned mission to other worlds, with the supremacy of the Russian program in
orbital space stations.
Today in the middle of the crisis of Ukraine it is so important to resurrect the spirit of Apollo-Soyuz partnership for peace and progress.
This same week marked by the four decades of this so important mission The diplomacy of both countries working exhaustively together made again
History in the peaceful resolution of the political crisis created around the nuclear program of Iran.
The International space station of today is a project that has its roots in the scientific and technological partnership that Apollo-Soyuz started in
1975, it is a so much important achievement that went far beyond of all the projections of that time.
On February of 2014 one of the original cosmonauts of the mission Apollo-Sojuz, Valery Kubasov died at 79, he couldn't see this 40 anniversary of
their historic flight.
One so important outcome of the Apollo-Soyuz mission was the mutual adaptation of both control and docking systems in order to make possible the
rendezvous in orbit and the ulterior approximation maneuver and the assembling in space of the orbital complex integrated by the two spacecrafts that
represented entirely different space technologies.
Also the bioengineering systems out to work in perfect coordination since for hours, once docked, the two spacecrafts became the same orbital
laboratory in which astronauts and cosmonauts were able to circulate freely sharing the same environmental temperature , as well as air quality and
Some important experiments were carried out together by the international crew, what gave a unique opportunity for mutual feedback in their results,
contrasting and unifying methods to carryout experiments on lack of gravity and comparing at the same time the different measure instrumentation.
This also was the first opportunity to try to design international space research protocols what represented a great advance toward the
standardization of the way to perform scientific research in orbit and report it for the progress of science.
Here some stats of the mission:
Launch: July 15, 1975, at 8:20 a.m. EDT
Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
Flight Crew: Alexey A. Leonov, Valery N. Kubasov
Landing: July 21, 1975
Launch: July 15, 1975, at 3:50 p.m. EDT
Launch Site: Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
Flight Crew: Thomas P. Stafford, Vance D. Brand, Donald K. Slayton
Landing: July 24, 1975
Docking Time: July 17, 1975, at 12:12 p.m. EDT
Undocking Time: July 19, 1975, at 11:26 a.m. EDT
Total Duration of Joint Activities: 19 hours, 55 minutes
Orbital Inclination: 51.8 degrees
This commemorative thread is open for the replies of all the members that are enthusiastic of the benefits of the space exploration and the era of the
International Space stations, with all the advances in Science that have derived from it.
The Angel of Lightness
edit on 7/17/2015 by The angel of light because: (no reason given)