If they are not, then set them properly before moving on. Then choose "Begin Installation" at the bottom of the screen. While it is installing you
will be presented with two icons. Choose "ROOT PASSWORD" and give it a password that you will remember. The root account is the admin account on
Linux. It is all powerful. It has the user ID of 1 allowing it to be the master key. Then when you’re done putting a password in, click on "USER
CREATION" and put your information in. I would select "Make this user administrator". Okay, now all that is left to do is sit back and wait for the
install to finish. It will say, "Complete!" when it is done, choose "Quit" at the bottom right of the screen. Click on the "Devices" menu in
VirtualBox and choose "CD/DVD Devices", then click "Remove disk from virtual drive." Then choose the blue "F" icon in the bottom left of the screen,
in Linux/X-Windows. Select leave and click restart. Now we are presented with a boot menu. It will automatically choose the first menu option, which
is fine. If you wanted to manually select a different one for disaster recovery, use the arrow keys within the first few seconds, then press enter.
Voila! If all went well you should be at the login screen. Welcome to X Windows (XOrg today) running on Linux! Login with the user id and password you
created. Please don't login as root. We use the root account for updates and creating kernels etc, but we never login directly as root. The use of
“su” or “sudo” for root is for another tutorial. Chances are, you will not use root very often, but don't forget it.
You can do whatever you want inside this virtual machine. You can try and break it if you want. It will not harm your main Windows. Virtual machines
are great for testing new software, viruses, anti-virus, etc. Or just for learning without having to remove Windows.
Okay, I said I would go over manual partitioning.
References for sizes:
1024 bytes = 1Kilobyte,
1024 Kilobytes = 1 Megabyte,
1024 Megabytes = 1 Gigabyte,
1024 Gigabytes = 1 Terabyte etc.
Linux generally needs 3 partitions:
In Windows, drives are mounted by “A:”, “B:”, “C:” etc. In Linux, drives are mounted as folders.
A partition that is / or called root. Root = '/'. So any time someone refers to root, it means /. The Windows equal to / or root is C:. So this
partition is where your home files and programs will be.
Swap - A swap partition is where Linux will put things from memory to the hard disk and vice versa for virtual memory. Mainly, it will do this for a
running program that is in the background. If you end up using swap because you are out of memory, this is not good. Your computer will run really
slow. You should have a swap partition that is twice the size of the memory you have. So if you have 4GB of ram, you will need an 8GB swap. If you
need to figure out the math, just multiply 1024 by 8 for # GB of ram.
edit on 02015b2015 by lobograndemalo because: (no reason given)