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A woman - who was she?
Who was she not?
The image of a temple-structure, a ziggurat, she carried on her head - in her hand she held a holy stylus, the tablet of the favorable star of heaven she bore, taking counsel with it
When, upon the hill of heaven and earth, An spawned the Anuna gods, since he neither spawned nor created grain with them, and since in the Land he neither fashioned the yarn of Uttu nor pegged out the loom for Uttu -- with no sheep appearing, there were no numerous lambs, and with no goats, there were no numerous kids, the sheep did not give birth to her twin lambs, and the goat did not give birth to her triplet kids --, the Anuna, the great gods, did not even know the names Ezina-Kusu or Sheep.
There was no small grain, grain from the mountains or grain from the holy habitations. There was no cloth to wear; Uttu had not been born -- no royal turban was worn; Lord Ninĝir-su, the precious lord, had not been born;
The people of those days did not know about eating bread. They did not know about wearing clothes; they went about with naked limbs in the Land. Like sheep they ate grass with their mouths and drank water from the ditches.
Lady coloured like the stars of heaven, holding a lapis-lazuli tablet! Nisaba, great wild cow born by Urash, wild sheep nourished on good milk among holy alkaline plants, opening the mouth for seven reeds! Perfectly endowed with fifty great divine powers, my lady, most powerful in E-kur!
In order to make barley and flax grow in the furrows, so that excellent corn can be admired; to provide for the seven great throne-daises by making flax shoot forth and making barley shoot forth at the harvest, the great festival of Enlil
Good woman, chief scribe of An, record-keeper of Enlil, wise sage of the gods!
Probably originating as an epithet of Nisaba and Ezina/Ashnan meaning “Bright" Kusu was regularly regarded as a deity in her own right and often evoked in magic and religious texts.
It is impossible to be sure which grain goddess an image depicts, though only one set of horns in a crown indicates minor divinity. Thus the single-horned goddesses may have been Ezinu or Ashnan, while the double-horned ones may have been the more important deity Nisaba
In order to establish bread offerings where none existed, and to pour forth great libations of alcohol, so as to appease the god of grandeur, Enlil, and to appease merciful Kusu and Ezina, she will appoint a great en priest, and will appoint a festival; she will appoint a great en priest of the Land.
...when the sage's hair is allowed to hang loose, when he opens the house of learning, when he stands in the street of the door of learning; when he finishes the great dining-hall of cedar, when he grasps the date-palm mace, when he strikes the priestly garment with that mace, then he utters seven praises to Nisaba, the supreme nursemaid:
An important question is: Is the legacy of the Vinca culture an evidence of the ever known earliest manifestation of the Divine Power and well evolved and widespread Mother Goddess worship cult?
See also: 10 Mysterious Undeciphered Ancient Scripts, Tablets, Codes And Maps
Many terracotta figurines of the Mother Goddess were recovered in excavations at various archaeological sites of Indus Valley. Naturally, orthodox science proposes a classical explanation to this phenomenon and say that the proto Mother, symbol of female fertility, is depicted on prehistoric figurines.
However, the figurines unearthed in an ancient European settlement of Vinca, Europe's biggest prehistoric civilization and in Indus Valley may be a representation of someone entirely different.
Read more: www.messagetoeagle.com...
The Sumerians: c. 4,000 BC.
(Shumer- 'Shem' - 'points to sky', 'pointed stone marker'),
The Sumerians were one of the first civilisations to record their observations, and their fascination resulted in the basis for much of modern astronomy today. They recorded the sun at the centre of a system surrounded by several planets. They considered the New-year to begin at the exact moment when the Sun crossed the spring equinox.
The 25,000 texts devoted to Astronomy and Astrology found in the ruins if the Nineveh library of Ashurbanipal bear witness to the Sumerian fascination with the motions of the celestial sphere.
Sumerian Translation Modern Name
Her father was Sin
Which claws and cuts
Lord of the waters
The Sumerians called the twelve major zodiacal constellations the 'Shiny herd'.
The Sumerians were the first to divide both space and time by units of six. The modern division of the year into 12 months, the 24 hours of each day, the division of hours into 60 minutes and 60 seconds, and the divisions of the circle/sphere by 360 degrees, each composed of 60 minutes and 60 seconds of an arc, are all Sumerian developments. This same division by units of six has been observed at several of prominent British megaliths.
The Sumerians did consider the age before there was any cultivation of grain or domestication of sheep, and in their Debate between Grain and Sheep concluded that grain was of the primary importance.
So before the dawn of the grain Goddess things were considered to have been not so great, and they also note there was no role for Ningirsu or Ninurta and his associations with the plow and farming, quite understandably, so a great deal was understood to have been possible by the emergence of grain cultivation.
For me, who has no mother, you are my mother; for me, who has no father, you are my father. You implanted my semen in the womb, gave birth to me in the sanctuary, Jatumdug, sweet is your holy name!