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For decades, psychologists and other researchers assumed that the mother-child bond was the most important one in a kid's life. They focused on studying those relationships, and however a child turned out, mom often got the credit — or blame.
Within the last several decades, though, scientists are increasingly realizing just how much dads matter. Just like women, fathers' bodies respond to parenthood, and their parenting style affects their kids just as much, and sometimes more, than mom's.
"We're now finding that not only are fathers influential, sometimes they have more influence on kids' development than moms," said Ronald Rohner, the director of the Center for the Study of Interpersonal Acceptance and Rejection at the University of Connecticut.
Bieber, et al., found a pattern of detached and/or hostile-detached fathers. They concluded that: "Profound interpersonal disturbance is unremitting in the homosexual father-son relationship. Not one of the fathers (of homosexual sons)... could be regarded as reasonably 'normal' parents'."(Bieber 1962, p.114)
In part to test the Bieber conclusions, Apperson and McAdoo compared 23 non-patient homosexuals and 22 members of the US army. Their conclusion:
The results of this study strongly support the theoretical formations of Bieber et al., in considering homosexuality as primarily related to specific experiential factors. The importance of the relationship -- or lack of it --with the father is again emphasized with the homosexual S[ubject]s showing marked difference from the controls in perceiving the father more as critical, impatient, and rejecting, and less as the socializing agent. (Apperson, 1968)
Maybe the Freudian explanation for your domination of women is the poor relationship you have with your mum?
Caveats notwithstanding, there is a loose consensus among geneticists, if not social scientists (Butler 1990; Kitzinger 1995), that there is some evidence for a genetic predisposition to homosexuality (Kallmann 1952; Bailey et al. 1993; Risch et al. 1993; Ferveur et al. 1995; Hamer 1999; Rice et al. 1999a). There certainly is no single “gay gene”; the relative weak values for the heritability of sexuality clearly illustrate that if sexuality is indeed genetic, it depends on at least several genes and that these genes are not deterministic. Additionally, the low values for heritability imply the importance of societal factors and socialization that are often ignored in much of the scientific literature.
Although many researchers claim that sexuality has a genetic basis, others have argued that prenatal hormones and brain development play a more crucial role. Differences in brain morphology and function between men are women are thought to arise prenatally. Research has shown that homosexuality in males correlates weakly to birth order; men with several older brothers are more likely to be gay, implicating that different hormonal environments in the womb may lead to different sexualities in adults (Bogaert 2006). Morphological differences were also seen between the brains of straight and gay men upon autopsy (Swaab and Hofman 1990). More recently, studies on adult men and women have shown that gay men have brain responses more like straight females and lesbian women have brain responses similar to those of straight men (Savic and Lindström 2008). These authors point to a biological basis for sexuality rooted not necessarily in genetics but rather in brain functionality, as programmed by responses to maternal hormones during early development.
originally posted by: arpgme
a reply to: Domo1
So true. It's sad people are talking about homosexuality as if it's some type of psychological disorder.
There are probably even lots of abused females out there that have a kink for being dominated and/or punished. They almost always have 'daddy issues', whereas maybe the sadomasochists have '(I hate) mommy issues'.