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Opponents of drug reform will use this study to support continued prohibition—the Home Office has already done so—but it is actually another reason to liberalise.
Three points stand out. Firstly, that there is no association between cannabis use and psychosis for those who started smoking the drug after the age of 15. Secondly, that only those who use cannabis very frequently are at higher risk. Thirdly, that it is only skunk marijuana—which is high in THC—that seems to increases risk.
The difference between hash and skunk consumption in the case and control groups is striking. 44 per cent of the control group had smoked hash, but only 14 per cent of the group with psychosis had done so, whereas only 19 per cent of the control group had smoked skunk while 53 per cent of the group with psychosis had done so.
originally posted by: AkaDeDrow
I've noticed that some, not ALL people can develop incredibly bad side effects such as mental illnesses including schizophrenia, paranoia and aggressive/depressive personality disorders.
Psychological and social theories
Several psychological and social explanations have been proposed. The earliest explanations were based on psychoanalytic theory.
The socioeconomic/environmental hypothesis proposed that smoking results because many people with schizophrenia are unemployed and inactive, so smoking relieves boredom. Research has found that this explanation alone cannot account for the extreme amount of smoking among people with schizophrenia.
The personality hypothesis focused on the association between smoking and higher level of neuroticism and anxiety. This hypothesis proposed that anxiety as a symptom of schizophrenia may contribute to smoking.
The psychological tool hypothesis argues that smokers use nicotine to manipulate their mental state in response to various environmental conditions, such as reducing stress and managing negative emotions. Research on this hypothesis notes that people with schizophrenia often cannot cope with problems in constructive ways, so use of smoking as a psychological tool may result in a vicious cycle of more and more smoking.
The self-medication hypothesis argues that people with schizophrenia use nicotine to compensate for the cognitive deficits that result from schizophrenia, the antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia, or both. The cognitive effects hypothesis suggests that nicotine has positive effects on cognition, so smoking is used to improve neurocognitive dysfunction.
originally posted by: theabsolutetruth
a reply to: nullafides
That is irrelevant.
As I have said, the thread is not about alcohol.
If you want to make a thread about alcohol, I would have plenty to say about it, but this thread is about SPECIFIC research.
Volunteers were administered the Psychosis Screening Questionnaire 10 and were excluded if they met the criteria for a psychotic disorder or if they reported a previous diagnosis of psychotic illness.
Between May 1, 2005, and May 31, 2011, we approached 606 patients with first-episode psychosis
A larger proportion of patients with first-episode psychosis (184 [45%] of 410 individuals) reported having smoked 100 tobacco cigarettes or more than did controls (60 [16%] of 370 individuals; p
originally posted by: Krazysh0t
a reply to: theabsolutetruth
This is another study that is trying to correlate cannabis use to psychosis without taking into consideration that MAYBE people who are prone to psychosis seek out cannabis (and other drugs) as a form of self-medication. Meaning that the reason psychosis rate is higher among users isn't BECAUSE of cannabis use but cannabis use is a symptom of their potential psychosis. Not surprising. They never want to consider that possibility.
Skunk is light green and is made of the buds of cannabis plant but is grown very quickly. This means it has very little CBD and a lot of THC making it particularly strong (see 'THC and CBD' section). Different strains include; white widow, purple haze, northern lights, superskunk, amnesia, supersilver, lemonhaze and cheese. Skunk is risky because of how little CBD it has in it and so some users will feel panicky or paranoid when stoned on skunk.
originally posted by: theabsolutetruth
a reply to: tothetenthpower
I posted professional research, you are doing the 'fingers in your ears name calling', and to be honest as a moderator you should be behaving far better.
The information as I said previously is clearly stated in the research paper, which I view as valid research.
If your opinion is not believing it, I suggest you go tell THEM instead of harassing me.
originally posted by: BornAgainAlien
a reply to: GogoVicMorrow
The problem is with the strong cannabis, something which foreigners aren`t used to.
Trust me, I have sat in coffeeshops and seen Americans come in, ignoring the warnings they were given and to read the day later in the newspaper how they were brought to the ER because they were found on the street unconscious.