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Not only did both Nixon and Kissinger turn a blind eye to the alleged actions of the Pakistan army but also supported the military dictator General Yahya Khan, who was alleged to have ordered mass killings of Bengalis in 1971 in East Pakistan. According to the CIA, 200,000 Bengalis were massacred, including thousands of Hindus. However, Bangladeshi sources speak of three million deaths and tens of thousands of rapes committed against Bengali women.
About 10 million refugees from East Pakistan poured into India, forcing the Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi to launch an operation to enable the refugees to return to their native land which later became independent Bangladesh. India helped create the country.
Our paramount concern transcended the sub-continent. The Soviet Union could have restrained India; it chose not to...The Soviets encouraged India to exploit Pakistan's travail in part to deliver a blow to our system of alliances, in greater measure to demonstrate Chinese impotence. Since it was a common concern about Soviet power that had driven Peking and Washington together, a demonstration of American irrelevance would severely strain our precarious new relationship with China. Had we followed the advice of critics -massive public dissociation from Pakistan and confrontation with it in its moment of desperation- we would have been operating precisely as the US-Soviet condominium so dreaded by Peking: this almost surely would have undone our China intiative