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In the early second century AD Ptolemy in his famed treatise on Geographia listed as the last of his nine poleis attributed to the Brigantes tribe of northern Britain, following the base of the Sixth Legion at Eboracum/York, a place named Camulodunum, evidently somewhere in northern England
...the 7th century Ravenna Cosmology, where appears a place named Camulodono (R&C#111), listed between the entries for Alunna (Watercrook, Lancashire) and Calunio (Lancaster, Lancashire)
Historical linguists suggest the nt element in Setantii confirms the tribe were indeed Brythonic Celts descended from the Iberian “beaker folk”. Certainly, the tribe appears to have been linked to Sétanta, the birth name of the British/Irish hero Cúchulain and meaning “he who knows the way”
The southernmost boundary of the Setantii tribal lands was Seteia, the Mersey River . Their territory is thought to have reached as far north as Borrow Beck, just south of Tebay, in southern Cumbria. A form of their Celtic tongue survived in this area until the twelfth century
The name 'Rheged' seems to derive from the confederation of Celtic tribes that occupied almost the whole of the north below Hadrian's Wall, the Brigantes. Formed at a time when the Celtic language was undergoing rapid change, 'Brigant' seems to have become 'Breged' and then Rheged
Rheged was a comparatively large kingdom that covered the whole of modern north-west England, roughly incorporating the counties of Cumbria and Lancashire, and possibly Cheshire.
According to the sources, the kingdom of Rheged was divided upon the death of Meirchion Gul around 535. The Rhegedian capital of Caer Ligualid (Carlisle) was retained for North Rheged, while Caer Robais (Ribchester) probably served as South Rheged's capital.
There are also links to Welsh epic and Arthurian legend. In the Welsh epic of Culhwch and Olwen, Seithennin, the bard, is grandfather to Gwenwynwyn, generally identified as Gawain, Arthur’s First Fighter...even that Gawain is identical in origin with CuChulain as the tales about him may be indigenous to the north of England; in ancient times, the north-west of England contained a tribe called the Setantii, while the original name of CuChulain was Setanta. It may well have been that CuChulain was a Setantii hero with a reputation on both sides of the Irish sea, whose memory was kept alive under the name of Gawain by the medieval descendants of the Setantii in England
According to the Harlian MS 3958, Beli was founder of the Gwynedd line and husband to Anna, "mother [of the Gwynedd line of kings], who they say was a cousin of the Virgin Mary, mother of our lord Jesus Christ." The reasoning is that, perhaps influenced by the Irish confusion between Danu/Danann and Anu, there was also this confusion between Don and Anna.
He fed black ravens on the rampart of a fortress
Though he was no Arthur
Among the powerful ones in battle
In the front rank, Gwawrddur was a palisade
The question then is what importance would the settlement at Camulodunum have had in the struggles of Post-Roman Britain, or more likely the nearby Roman Fort of Galacum, and the first thing that should be noted is that nobody had any interest in a united Britain, that was impossible, and the breakdown appears to have been according to the old tribal confederations, thus the concern here was in re-establishing the tribal region of the Brigantes;
Brigantia was a goddess in Celtic (Gallo-Roman and Romano-British) religion of Late Antiquity.
Through interpretatio Romana, she was equated with Victoria. The tales connected to the characters of Brigid and Saint Brigid in Irish mythology and legend have been argued to be connected to Brigantia although the figures themselves remain distinct.
A succubus may take a form of a beautiful young girl but closer inspection may reveal deformities upon their bodies, such as bird-like claws or serpentine tails. Folklore also describes the act of sexually penetrating a succubus as akin to entering a cavern
The spirit spouse is one of the most widespread elements of shamanism, distributed through all continents and at all cultural levels. Often, these spirit husbands/wives are seen as the primary helping spirits of the shaman, who assist them in their work, and help them gain power in the world of spirit.
In some cultures, gaining a spirit spouse is a necessary and expected part of initiation into becoming a shaman. Evidence of spirit spouses may be seen in non-shamanic cultures as well."
Robin Artisson includes a variation of the Norse fetch concept in his book The Witching Way of the Hollow Hill. He supports this with the thesis that the questing/rescuing heroes in myths, legends, and fairy tales can be seen as the soul, and rescued maidens as the fetch bride. However, he does not make it clear if this occurs in dreams, shamanic journeys in a trance state, or both.
At Corbridge on Hadrians Wall - in antiquity, Coria - Brigantia has the divine epithet Caelestis ("Heavenly, Celestial") and is paired with Jupiter Dolichenus (AE 1947, 00122; RIB 01131):
There is an inscription at Irthington, Yorkshire DEAE NYMPHAE BRIGANTIAE—"divine nymph Brigantia" (Nicholson).
The word graal, as it is earliest spelled, comes from Old French graal or greal, cognate with Old Provençal grazal and Old Catalan gresal, meaning "a cup or bowl of earth, wood, or metal" (or other various types of vessels in different Occitan dialects). The most commonly accepted etymology derives it from Latin gradalis or gradale via an earlier form, cratalis, a derivative of crater or cratus.
A grail, wondrous but not explicitly holy, first appears in Perceval le Gallois, an unfinished romance by Chrétien de Troyes: it is a processional salver(platter)
used to serve at a feast.
The Grail was considered a bowl or dish when first described by Chrétien de Troyes.
Hélinand of Froidmont described a grail as a "wide and deep saucer"
" In Old French, san graal or san gréal means "Holy Grail" and sang réal means "royal blood"
Brigantia seems to have been the Celtic equivalent of the Roman Minerva and the Greek Athena , goddesses with very similar functions and apparently embodying the same concept of elevated state, whether physical or psychological.
She is the goddess of all things perceived to be of relatively high dimensions such as high-rising flames, highlands, hill-forts and upland areas; and of activities and states conceived as psychologically lofty and elevated, such as wisdom, excellence, perfection, high intelligence, poetic eloquence, craftsmanship (especially blacksmithing), healing ability, druidic knowledge and skill in warfare. In the living traditions, whether seen as goddess or saint, she is largely associated with the home and hearth
There are two possibilities: Camelot was simply a non-existent figment of the writer's imagination or the notion of Camelot is based on a real fortress.
If it was a figment of the imagination, then that is the end of it, full stop. However, if we consider the possibility that the idea of Camelot is based on a real fortress, then there is only one serious contender - the old Roman fortress, "Ad Vallum", which lay on the outskirts of Falkirk in Scotland, just some twelve miles or so from the battlefield, where, according to the 7th century AD monk Adomnan, Arthur (Arturius) was killed while fighting the Picts.
The name Camelot is believed to be derived from the word "Camulodonum", which was the Roman name for Colchester, which lies several hundred miles away in the south of England.
However, early historians of Scotland, without the knowledge that we have today, mistakenly believed that the ruins of the Roman fortress "Ad Vallum" were in fact the ruins of Camulodonum, and because of the closeness of France and Scotland, and the influence the two countries exerted on one another, you may be certain that if the Scots believed this fortress was Camulodonum, then the French did too.