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“The skull of this person, who is over the age of 30, was cut very regularly by medical workers, just like today’s brain surgeons. It is a painful process to open the skull. A person cannot tolerate this pain and should be anaesthetized, so this type of operation in such an early era makes us think there was a kind of anesthesia. Biological studies on the bones will enable us to find out which substance was used. The traces of recovery are apparent in the place of operation. This person survived the operation,” he added.
One of the materials was methanone that prevents drugs from deterioration and the others had the effects of painkillers, narcotics and soporific effects. “One of the tarred substances in the bottles might have been used for the purpose of anesthesia, narcotics or painkillers. We believe the substance was a compound, like incense, that is smoked. They might have operated on the skull using this substance. It prevents deterioration and is used for the same purpose today,” Turan said.
originally posted by: Asynchrony
They weren't no dummies back then and I would be inclined to believe that if we could time travel and bring someone out of the distant past 1000 years or 2000 years ago to the present that they could be educated to function as well as modern humans in any job we have today. I think a lot of the progress and advances in technology and science isn't dependent upon our intellectual limits and upper IQs so much as it is dependent upon stability in civilization and the preservation of knowledge as it accumulates through the centuries.
originally posted by: LABTECH767
a reply to: Hanslune
You are correct on that trepanning date, the oldest I can find is about seventh millennium BC from the ever trusty internet that is, does make you wonder though with us all (me anyway) growing lazy like this what fact's are now forgotten and languishing in old library's that are not on the net.
So not tens' of thousand's of years but maybe up to ten thousand.