On 4 November 2014, WHO was notified by the Ministry of Health of Madagascar of an outbreak of plague. The first case, a male from Soamahatamana
village in the district of Tsiroanomandidy, was identified on 31 August. The patient died on 3 September.
As of 16 November, a total of 119 cases of plague have been confirmed, including 40 deaths. Only 2% of reported cases are of the pneumonic form. Cases
have been reported in 16 districts of seven regions. Antananarivo, the capital and largest city in Madagascar, has also been affected with 2 recorded
cases of plague, including 1 death. There is now a risk of a rapid spread of the disease due to the city’s high population density and the weakness
of the healthcare system.
The WHO said that there was a risk of a “rapid spread” in the Madagascan capital Antananarivo. The risk has been exacerbated by the high level of
resistance to deltamethrin (an insecticide used to control fleas) that has been observed in the country.
Last year, health experts issued Madagascar with a warning that they were at risk of a plague outbreak unless the spread of the disease could be
slowed. Those in the country’s rat-infested prisons were thought to be among those most at risk, the BBC reported.
This is the first I've heard of the story, I'm not sure if it's on MSM news right now. (The WHO released their information on Nov. 21st)
**Upon searching online I found an updated story run by the Daily Mail that says there are 47 deaths now. **
bubonic plague in Madagascar has claimed 47 victims - and is spreading to island's capital
Symptoms of Bubonic plague:- Patients develop sudden onset:
-One or more swollen, tender and painful lymph nodes (called buboes). This form usually results from the bite of an infected flea. The bacteria
multiply in the lymph node closest to where the bacteria entered the human body. If the patient is not treated with the appropriate antibiotics, the
bacteria can spread to other parts of the body.
China had the bubonic plague earlier this year, as well as in U.S.
A fact sheet on the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Web site notes that if someone with "advanced knowledge and technology" were
somehow able to aerosolize the bacterium, it could cause damage.
"Yersinia pestis used in an aerosol attack could cause cases of the pneumonic form of plague," the CDC says. "One to six days after becoming
infected with the bacteria, people would develop pneumonic plague. Once people have the disease, the bacteria can spread to others who have close
contact with them. Because of the delay between being exposed to the bacteria and becoming sick, people could travel over a large area before becoming
contagious and possibly infecting others. Controlling the disease would then be more difficult."
Pneumonic plague differs from bubonic plague in its symptoms and the fact that it can be spread through the air rather than just by contact.
Unlike bubonic plague, pneumonic plague can be spread from person to person. According to the CDC, "Pneumonic plague affects the lungs and is
transmitted when a person breathes in Y. pestis particles in the air."
***I'm not saying that this is a weaponized case, I just wanted to point out what the CDC had to say about the possibility of it becoming