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DALLAS — The Texas nurse diagnosed with Ebola is “clinically stable,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention director Dr. Thomas Frieden said at a press conference Monday.
Her family identified her as Nina Pham, 26. Jason Whitely, a reporter at WFAA-TV in Dallas, tweeted an image of her provided by her family.
Pham contracted Ebola while treated Thomas Eric Duncan, who died on Wednesday, Oct. 8, ten days after being admitted to the hospital.
Pham’s apartment has been “decontaminated” and her dog is being monitored for any signs of the deadly disease.
Ebola is only contracted through bodily fluids like sweat, saliva, blood, semen, feces and soiled clothing or bedding.
The CDC reports that more than 4,000 people have died in West Africa. Duncan, a native Liberian, is the first to die on American soil.
SOURCES/SPECIMENS: Blood, serum, urine, respiratory and throat secretions, semen, and organs or their homogenates from human or animal hosts Footnote 1 Footnote 2 Footnote 53.
COMMUNICABILITY: Communicable as long as blood, body fluids or organs, contain the virus. Ebolavirus has been isolated from semen 61 to 82 days after the onset of illness, and transmission through semen has occurred 7 weeks after clinical recovery Footnote 1 Footnote 2 Footnote 59 Footnote 60.
Ebolavirus dried onto glass, polymeric silicone rubber, or painted aluminum alloy is able to survive in the dark for several hours under ambient conditions
Canadian Health Department and CDC statements:
The Canadian Health Department states that airborne transmission of Ebola is strongly suspected and the CDC admits that Ebola can be transmitted in situations where there is no physical contact between people, i.e.: via direct airborne inhalation into the lungs or into the eyes, or via contact with airborne fomites which adhere to nearby surfaces. That helps explain why 81 doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers have died in West Africa to date.
Some experts also question the CDC’s assertion that any U.S. hospital should be prepared to treat an Ebola patient as the outbreak ravaging West Africa begins to spread globally. Given the level of training required to do the job safely, U.S. health authorities should consider designating a hospital in each region as the go-to facility for Ebola, they said.
"You don't scapegoat and blame when you have a disease outbreak," said Bonnie Castillo, a registered nurse and a disaster relief expert at National Nurses United, which serves as both a union and a professional association for U.S. nurses. "We have a system failure. That is what we have to correct."