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“These were made by people still living in a very old way, so the origins of such behaviors (making houses, creating the space around us) could be much deeper than 15,000 [years],” wrote Osypinski, who is working on the site. “Affad houses were built in the times of Late Palaeolithic indeed, but the people who did it were pure Middle Palaeolithic in their adaptation strategies, [and] technological skills of stone tools production and use—this is a very important issue, as we can suppose that the idea of settled space organization could be rooted in such an old epoch.”
originally posted by: Blackmarketeer
a reply to: lostbook
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15,000-Year-Old Houses Found in Africa Show Advanced Skills of Prehistoric Society
Archaeologist Piotr Osypinski has other published articles available here; Piotr Osypinski
A team of Israeli scientists have reported the discovery of a hominin (early human) occupation site near Nesher Ramla, Israel. The site, according to archaeologist Yossi Zaidner of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa and colleagues, presents evidence for human occupation or use during Middle Paleolithic times (about 300,000 to 40 - 50,000 years ago).
Unearthed were numerous finds that comprised an 8-meter deep sequence of "rich and well-preserved lithic [worked stone tool artifacts] and faunal assemblages [animal and early human bones], combustion features [features evidencing use or presence of fire], hundreds of manuports [natural objects moved from their original locations possibly by human agency] and ochre."* Ochre, an iron oxide pigment, was often used for a variety of purposes by prehistoric humans, including the creation of wall paintings.
Using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating technique, the researchers were able to place habitation or use of the site during the MIS (Marine Isotope Stage) 6-5, or a date range between about 190,000 and 74,000 years ago. Although the type of human was not identified as yet in their report, this time period witnessed activities of both Neanderthals and early modern humans. The lithic artifacts were of the Mousterian tradition, and included Levallois cores, flakes, points, and side-scrapers. They also discovered a "vertebral column in anatomic articulation" and "probable cutmarks observed in the field on an aurochs-sized long bone shaft fragment".* The auroch is a large, extinct type of wild cattle that inhabited Europe, Asia and North Africa.