posted on Jul, 16 2014 @ 03:51 PM
The majestic beauty of the great Serpent Mound of Ohio is the picture that comes to mind when we think of these ancient earth structures. Curving
across the landscape for 420m, the Serpent Mound is estimated to be around 1000 years old.
In the late nineteenth century, Harvard University archaeologist Frederic Ward Putnam excavated Serpent Mound and, based on his work, later
archaeologists attributed the effigy to the Adena culture that flourished from 800 B.C. to A.D. 100.This theory on the site’s origin held true until
a 1991 site excavation was able to radiocarbon date pieces of charcoal found within Serpent Mound. Through the radiocarbon dating, archeologists now
believe that Serpent Mound is approximately 900 years old. By this date, the creators of Serpent Mound belonged to the Fort Ancient culture (A.D.
But there are others. Scotland has two serpent mounds of its own: one in Ayrshire and one in Argyll, both on the west coast.
Who built them? And why? They are vaguely attributed to the Druids, although their purpose and origins remain obscure.
One thought is that the Ohio mound follows the configuration of the constellation Draco:
Wiki serpent mound
The star pattern of the constellation Draco fits with fair precision to the Serpent Mound, with the ancient Pole Star, Thuban (α Draconis), at its
geographical center within the first of seven coils from the head. The fact that the body of Serpent Mound follows the pattern of Draco may support
various theses. Putnam's 1865 refurbishment of the earthwork could have been correctly accomplished in that a comparison of Romain's or Fletcher and
Cameron's maps from the 1980s show how the margins of the Serpent align with great accuracy to a large portion of Draco. Some researchers date the
earthwork to around 5,000 years ago, based on the position of Draco, through the backward motion of precessionary circle of the ecliptic when Thuban
was the Pole Star. Alignment of the effigy to the Pole Star at that position also shows how true north may have been found. This was not known until
1987 because lodestone and modern compasses give incorrect readings at the site.
It could be that the Scottish mounds also mimic this constellation. The Druids were recorded as being ‘equal to the Persians’ in their knowledge
of the skies.
Tales of the Oak
In Skelmorlie is one of the most remarkable antiquities in Scotland a ‘Serpent Mound’, supposed to have been used by the ancient Britons in the
worship of the Sun and the Serpent, and other religious rites. The head of the Serpent lies behind Brigend House and the ridge forming the body is now
severed by the road running up the hill at Meigle. In the 1870’s Dr. Phené of Chelsea made some interesting excavations, discovering a paved
platform some 80 feet long, and evidence of early cremations. The details were fully reported in the Glasgow Herald and the Scotsman at the time and
there are specimens in the Kelvingrove Museum in Glasgow.
Recent examination of the pieces at Kelvingrove confirms that they are indeed burned human bones, something which was always disputed about Phene's
original findings. Artefacts found at the Kempock Stone during similar excavations in the 19th Century are now also due to be tested alongside items
found during the controversial excavations at Langbank, recently rediscovered at the National Museum Edinburgh. It is suggested that dating of the
artefacts and remains will show them to be contemporary, and that the strange serpentlike drawings uncovered on stones at Langbank are linked to the
"serpent mound" at Skelmorlie, via some sort of celtic river or serpent worship cult.
The Skelmorlie mound is in Ayrshire and the Argyllshire site is found at Loch Nell:
Loch Nell (below)
Unfortunately both are neglected and in poor condition now - and shamefully ignored - although a drawing remains of Loch Nell from a Miss Cummings in
Could this suggest early contact between two cultures who are not thought to have met? A myth persists that St Brendan, an Irishman, sailed west in
the middle of the 6th century with a party of monks –maybe he did. Do the mounds have something to do with the snake carvings found on stones
Hope you enjoyed reading and found it as interesting as I did.