Inspired by Keenasbro's Wars & Battles Throughout History www.abovetopsecret.com...
I have decided to make a thread on Armies of Ancient and and Medieval Africa,It is no means a comprehensive view on the matter just an over view
keeping it lite,with pics of their armor ,weapons ,organizations.
There is a tendency to regard ancient or medieval African military men or women as spear wielding warriors dressed in simple line cloth with an egg
shaped shield drawn-up for battle for an impending raid or defense from being raided while that view is certainly true some especially of the East
African Savannah,the fact is much of Africa with states had huge formidable armies and Navies although most of these navies were riverine or for use
on lakes ,not so on the coast the Swahili and the Somali took to the high seas although these were usually traders,Swahili seamen protected the seas
between India and the East African coast,along side Axumite "Habsha"
and Zanj mercenaries ,matter of fact the Axumite or better known today as
Ethiopian/Eritreans made claims that they had land holding as far away as India a profusion of Axumite coins found in India hints that such a boast
might have some truth to it,what is certain is that East African mercenaries did took over some states in India vying for power with the Moguls an
off shoot of the Mongols.
Map of African states missing is the very important state of Adal in Somalia that was part of the trade network of the Indian ocean.
Now understand that a number of these states was hugh Mali for example was larger than all the states of Western Europe put together while Songhay
approach the territory of today's continental Unite States, the empire of Kenem Bornu touches the Niger and approached the Nile at it's height,ruling
over other kingdoms so they needed a standing army these were no mere collection of tribal villages.
A king from the Kingdom of Ta-Seti the first or one of the first state on the Nile in what is popularly known as Nubia although I take issue with the
name as a catch all for different polities of the south.
I won't spend much time on ancient Kmt known to most as Egypt ,but from before there was even a state called Kmt other polities up river had rivine
Ancient egypt and Nubia
illustration of angus mcbride showing the egyptian Pharaoh Kamose showing a battle plan map to a group of Ku#es (nubian) nobleman during a war against
the Hyksos in 1500 BC
Note the illustrator called the allies of Kamose Kushi.tes is incorrect these would be the Madjay as Kush was a deadly enemy to Kmt at this era, that
held Kmt in a pincer movement with it's Hyksos allies.
illustration of angus mcbride showing warriors of the ancient egyptian army
Kemite spearmen and their southern allies who were archers,of note the southerns were the most skilled at archery so much so that their lands and
first kingdom was known as Land Of The Bow
when Islamic Arabs and other Africans tried to invade their lands they were met with archers so
deadly they were called pupil smiters as they had the habit of taking out the eyes of their foes.
Bowman of Kush,Kmt's rival on the Nile note the sash across the body and the feather
They swept over the mountains, over the Nile, without limit
The text takes the form of an address to the living by Sobeknakht: "Listen you, who are alive upon earth . . . Kush came . . . aroused along his
length, he having stirred up the tribes of Wawat . . . the land of Punt and the Medjaw . . ." It describes the decisive role played by "the might of
the great one, Nekhbet", the vulture-goddess of El Kab, as "strong of heart against the Nubians, who were burnt through fire", while the "chief of the
nomads fell through the blast of her flame
More to come.
edit on 10-6-2014 by Spider879 because: (no reason given)