A thread about The Ancient Egyptian Labyrinth
, in which it will be considered as a Cultic centre of
the crocodile God, and it's likely present existence considered.
At present the Egyptian labyrinth is considered to have probably been the Mortuary Temple to the pyramid of Amenemhet III, and whilst there would have
been such in the vicinity that cannot have been the Labyrinth the area of which is offset and too considerable in size to have represented such.
Herodotus mentions the crocodile vaults of the lower levels and that is a far more likely explanation of the Labyrinths purpose, as the Faiyum region
was the centre of Sobek worship and the 12th Dynasty Kings that constructed there had him as their principle Deity.
We ourselves saw the aboveground chambers, for we went through them so we can talk of them, but the underground chambers we can speak of only from
hearsay. For the officials of the Egyptians entirely refused to show us these, saying that there were, in them, the coffins of the kings who had built
the labyrinth at the beginning and also those of the holy crocodiles. So we speak from hearsay of these underground places; but what we saw
aboveground was certainly greater than all human works.
Furthermore, they resolved to leave a memorial of themselves in common, and in pursuance of this resolve they made a labyrinth, a little above
Lake Moeris, and situated near what is called the City of the Crocodiles
Suggested reconstructions then are along the lines of a Mortuary Temple but there is no evidence for this, there does appear the recurring suggestion
of administrative buildings above ground as this was the centre of power at the period, but the greater purpose would have been religious
There is nothing to suggest the Ptolomies or Romans deconstructed the Labyrinth as Petrie supposed, indeed they were highly interested in the entire
cult of Sobek of the Faiyum Oasis, the Atlantis Myth is based upon the tradition of Neith-Sobek from her Temple at Sais, were Sobek personified the
warlike destructive tendencies.
For the Greeks, Atlantis was built on one of Gaia’s (Earth’s) large land masses named Atlantic Island by sea god Poseidon whose palace was the
focus of the city’s circular rings. And from the Egyptian stories, Bakhu was
similarly constructed on Atum Island which was the primordial mound raised from Nun (Neith) the primeval water’s depths by several gods including
sea god Sobek, who built his palace there and became Lord of Bakhu. These Egyptian creation theologies assert that Sobek, offspring of Neith, had laid
eggs in the bank of the shoreline of Atum Island, which is clearly evocative of several circular rings embedded in the Earth. .
Sobek-Neferu is believed to have completed the fabled labyrinth monument at Hawara in the
Faiyum Oasis, following the death of her father and brother. Following her death, which wound
up both the Twelfth Dynasty and the Middle Kingdom period, the cult of Sobek continued through into the Second Intermediary Period, with no less than
five kings with names honouring Sobek
It seems likely that Sobek began as a dark god who had to be appeased, but that his protective qualities and his strength were valued when they were
used in defence of the Pharaoh and the people. He could protect the justified dead in the netherworld, restoring their sight and reviving their
senses. Because of his ferocity, he was considered to be the patron of the army.
In Greek and Roman times the Book of the Faiyum was extremely popular ranking alongside the Book of Thoth, this relates to the Cult of Sobek and his
cultic sites around the Faiyum, it seems likely then that this should also include the Labyrinth which i suggest was the princple cultic site, and
indeed in the work can be seen concern with underground chambers and vaults to many Gods in the form of the schematic of the Papyrus, which scholars
have thus far been unable to define an overall purpose for, relationship to the Labyrinth would explain the popularity and purpose.
In Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, a "local monograph" called the Book of the Faiyum
centered on Sobek with a considerable portion devoted to the journey made by Sobek-Ra each day with the movement of the sun through the sky. The text
also focuses heavily on Sobek’s central role in creation as a manifestation of Ra, as he is said to have risen from the primal waters of Lake
Given the popularity then of the period and the fact that Greek and Roman writers maintained it was still there it seems unlikely they would have
destroyed it, what is more likely is that the present base area is the roof of the labyrinth and that the huge depth of chippings that Petrie found
constitute excavated material from within rather than masonry robbing debris, which rarely leaves such voluminous waste.
The primeval power of Sobek is already acknowledged in a hymn from the Pyramid Texts (PT 317), where the dead pharaoh identifies himself with the god,
who here appears as son of the Great Neith-Meher-Weret, the celestial cow of the inundation: “Sobek, green of feathers, alert-looking,
broad-chested, sparkling, coming out from the legs and the tail of the Great One, who is in splendour.”
The Greek historian Herodotus (c. 484–425 BC) noted that the Egyptian citizens of Sais in Egypt worshipped Neith and that they identified her
with Athena. The Timaeus, a Socratic dialogue written by Plato, mirrors that identification with Athena, possibly as a result of the identification of
both goddesses with war and weaving
Sometimes Neith was pictured as a woman nursing a baby crocodile, and she was titled "Nurse of Crocodiles". As mother of Ra, she was sometimes
described as the "Great Cow who gave birth to Ra"
When the Mataha Expedition
scanned parts of the base area in 2008 they found strong suggestion of complex
chambers and walls several metres thick beneath the surface to considerable depth, and yet they were blocked in publishing their findings by Egyptian
authorities and their work has not been followed up on since.
The fact that the supposed chambers are flooded may well also be the reason the labyrinth was lost to antiquity, that it became no longer possible to
enter within and thus the site was generally abandoned, and thus the mysterious cultic centre of the crocodile God lost to the waters.
Das Buch Von Fayum
Kam430110vAmerica/ChicagoMonday2130 by Kantzveldt because: (no reason given)