Give me truth my faithful friends and this will make us strong,
Give me hope my loyal Men that we may right the wrong.
Give me faith oh Minute Men, and fear shall disappear,
Give me God beside my arm for victory is near.
Having received Intelligence, that a Quantity of Ammunition, Provision, Artillery, Tents and small Arms, have been collected at Concord,
for the Avowed Purpose of raising and supporting a Rebellion against His Majesty, you will March with the Corps of Grenadiers and Light Infantry, put
under your Command, with utmost expedition and Secrecy to Concord, where you will seize and destroy all Artillery, Ammunition, Provisions, Tents,
Small Arms, and all Military Stores whatever - Per Order of General Gage to Lt. Colonel F. Smith, of the Kings Troops
Having set out on foot from Boston the night before, On the morning of April 19th, 1775, 900 British regular forces under the command
of Lt. Col. Francis Smith were marching on the King's Highway towards Concord, Massachusetts, 17 miles away in the countryside. Their objective was to
find and capture weapons and ammunition hidden by the rebel forces in Concord, as General Gage had issued a ban on private ownership of weapons and
ammunition earlier in the week. Their other objective was to punish the farmer-rebels of Concord whom recently hosted the illegal Provincial
Congress in an attempt at self government. The British obtained the hidden location of the arms cache from the Tories of the area who were still loyal
to the Crown of King George.
"The British are coming! The British are coming!" The American alarm system went into action, and riders were sent by several routes to notify all the
militia companies throughout the colony that British regulars were marching with the intention to take the arms at Concord. As the British column of
red-coated soldiers marched westward they began to hear strange sounds they were not used to hearing in the colonies: bells were ringing in the
distance ahead of them, and alarm guns being fired to waken the population.
In the village of Lexington, which lay right along the road to Concord, the residents prepared for a fight they knew was imminent. Captain John
Parker’s militiamen gathered at Munroe Tavern to await word about the arrival of the British Army. The presence of John Hancock and Samuel Adams,
the two men most wanted by royal authorities, made Lexington a target for the redcoats' attention on their way to Concord.
Shortly after dawn on the 19th of April, 38 militiamen of Lexington confronted the 900 British regulars on Lexington Green.
What a glorious morning this is!--Samuel Adams, to John Hancock April 19th 1775
As the British vanguard formed up in a battle line facing the militia, Colonel Smith, the British commander, was pleasantly surprised by the small
size of the American force. He ordered the colonists to throw down their arms and disperse.
Throw down your arms, ye villains, ye Rebels, Disperse!
Though vastly outnumbered, Captain Parker replied to his men:
Stand your ground; don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here!
BANG! A single shot was fired, followed by dozens more. Whether the shot was fired by a the rebel militia or the British has been lost to history.
When the smoke cleared, 18 Americans lay dead or wounded and one British soldier was slightly wounded. The outmatched Minutemen retreated into the
nearby woods and the redcoats proceeded westward to their main objective, Concord. As the sun rose, they could see the ghostly shadows of men in the
distance, moving across the open countryside from all directions heading toward Concord.
"God wills us free; man wills us slaves: I will as God wills; God's will be done."
At seven o’clock in the morning the British reached their main objective, the tiny village of Concord. The Redcoats occupied the village center and
proceded to march a few hundred yards west to the Concord River, in an effort to seize the Old North Bridge. The British suspected the farm houses on
the opposite side of the river to be harboring the arsenal of illegal rebel arms.
However, as the British massed their troops upon the bridge, they were not alone. The Redcoats were being watched. About 250 armed farmers gathered
on Punkatasset hill above the Old North Bridge, about 300 yards away. These men were lead by their representative, Colonel James Barrett, a Concord
farmer and veteran of the French and Indian war. They were unaware of what had just happened at Lexington Green.
As the Minutemen observed the King's men from the hill, something else caught their watchful eye. A pale column of smoke rose over the trees. The
British were burning Concord, which lay past the British held side of the river. Joseph Hosmer, Colonel Barrett's second in command turned to Barrett
and exclaimed, "Will you let them burn the town down?" Local militia leader, Isaac Davis drew his sword, and, turning to Barret, said: "I
haven't a man that's afraid to go."
Colonel Barrett gave the order to march in defense of Concord. These men resolved to march over the bridge into the middle of the village to defend
their homes, or die in the attempt. These farmers, fisherman, woodsman; mostly fathers and their adolescent sons, marched down from the hill toward
A child fifer in the lead bravely fluting “The White Cockade”.
The British were immensely surprised, not only to see a small band of farmers on the hill, but to their shock, they were advancing! The Redcoats
withdrew to the village side of the bridge and massed around the narrow span. They had to hold the bridge. Colonel Smith had his orders from General
Gage, and he meant to carry them out. With their hundreds of glistening guns pointed toward the river, the British soldiers took aim. The rebels kept
coming. A shot rang out. A shot heard 'round the world. A rag-tag band of farmers confronted the King's best soldiers... and beat them.
The Americans seemed to drop from the clouds and we were totally surrounded with such an incessant fire as it is impossible to conceive.
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William Emerson, the village reverend"who had turned out amongst the first in the morning to animate and encourage his people by his
counsel and patriotic example," and who urged his flock that morning; "Let us stand our ground. If we die, let us die here.”wrote this
For half and hour, the enemy, by their continuous marches, discovered great fickleness and inconstancy of mind; till at length they quitted the town,
and retreated by the way they came. In the meantime a party of our men took the back way, through the Great Fields, into the east quarter, and had
placed themselves to advantage, lying in ambush behind walls, fences and buildings, ready to fire upon the enemy on their retreat.
As the British retreated to the safety of Boston, they were astonished to find 6,000 Minutemen from local villages had descended upon the outskirts of
Concord. The Minutemen waited for the British until they reached Merriams Corner, where they sprung upon them. The Minutemen hid behind trees and
stone fences to attack the British from both sides of the "King's" road. They were harried every step of the way. The British mission was a failure.
The rebel leaders were safe and the colonists had salvaged their cache of arms.
The Sword is now drawn, and God knows when it will be sheathed.
Thus, the “embattled farmers” had won the day. The Revolution was on; there was no turning back. The British crossed the Charles River to what
they thought was the safety of Tory occupied Boston. However, they were wrong. Tens of thousands of American militiamen surrounded Boston and began
what is now known as the "Siege of Boston" and the battle of Breeds "Bunker" Hill. Eventually the British had no choice but to retreat from Boston
once and for all, by way of ship. Soon after Boston was liberated by the revolutionary forces, Washington began his Continental Army campaigns to the
south, eventually winning the war outright in the years to come.
That blood stain, on the vernal sword,
Hallowed to freedom all the shore;
In fragments fell the yoke abhorred---
The footsteps of a foreign lord
Profaned the soil no more.
By rude bridge that arched the flood,
Their flag to April's breeze unfurled,
Here once the embattled farmers stood
And fired the shot heard round the world.
-Ralph Waldo Emerson, Concord, 1837
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Where, oh where did that proud and upstanding American nation go? To read the tale swells my chest with the satisfaction of hard-won freedom, but I
now look around...and to my dismay, I see none of what I just read. Only tombs stand testament to the battles we fought, and were their ghosts
lingering on the soil for which they gave their lives, I suspect they would no longer recognize the world they sought to defend. And as admirable as
this historical account is, it is all the more saddening to realize that it becomes more and more lost in history, and less and less relevant to the
government we toil under today. Is this what we now call independence? Is this what they called independence? I read this account, and I fear the
answer to that question. Which I think is answer enough in its own right.
Clealy this was a false flag by French Intelligence backed by the Spanish so they could intervene and weaken the British Empire. Those were French
and Spanish trained agents who started the war so they could get involved. MSM would never reporty that.
The Concord River is remarkable for the gentleness of its current, which is scarcely perceptible, and some have referred to its influence the
proverbial moderation of the inhabitants of Concord, as exhibited in the Revolution, and on later occasions.
You shall see men you never heard of before, whose names you don't know, going away down through the meadows with long guns, wading through the
fowl-meadow grass, on bleak, wintry, distant shores, with guns at half-cock, and they shall see teal, blue-winged, green-winged, shelldrakes,
whistlers, black ducks, ospreys, and many other wild and noble sights before night, such as they who sit in parlors never dream of.
You shall see rude and sturdy, experienced and wise men, keeping their castles, or teaming up their summer's wood, or chopping alone in the woods,
men fuller of talk and rare adventure in the sun and wind and rain, than a chestnut is of meat; who were out not only in '75 and 1812, but have been
out every day of their lives; greater men than Homer, or Chaucer, or Shakespeare, only they never got time to say so; they never took to the way of
writing. Look at their fields, and imagine what they might write, if ever they should put pen to paper.
The Americans had firearms made for one shot one kill hunting.
Rifled firearms saw their first major combat usage in the American colonies during the Seven Years war, and later the American Revolution in the
The longrifle is an early example of a firearm using rifling, (spiral grooves in the bore). This gave the projectile, commonly a round lead ball, a
spiraling motion, increasing the stability of the trajectory. A more stable trajectory meant dramatically improved accuracy over the more commonly
available smooth bore muskets also used in the period.
Until the development of the Minié ball in the middle of the 19th century, the main disadvantages of a rifle compared to a musket were a slower
reload time due to the use of a tighter fitting lead ball and greater susceptibility to the fouling of the bore after prolonged usage - such fouling
would eventually prevent loading altogether, rendering the weapon useless until thoroughly cleaned. en.wikipedia.org...
The British "Brown Bess" Musket could reliably hit a man sized target out to about 50 yards, or less. Muskets were made to fire in volleys at massed
enemy formations and fix bayonets at the muzzle.
The American rifles could not fix bayonets, but could hit a man sized target a distances of 200 to 400 yards and over.
The Americans could have fought the war a lot differently than they did. The Americans could have used a kill the leaders tactic like the Germans
used against the Russians in WW2.
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