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West Africa Ebola Cases Eclipse 400, MSF To Set Up Treatment Center In Sierra Leone
The number of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cases reported in West Africa continues to climb with cases being reported in Boffa on Guinea’s coast to Telimele in Kindia region. New patients have also been registered in Conakry, Gueckedou and Macenta.
During the last days of May, Guinea recorded 37 new cases and 21 new deaths in five districts. The cumulative number of cases and deaths attributable to EVD in Guinea is now 328 (laboratory confirmed 193, probable 80, and suspected 55) including 208 deaths, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) update today.
During the same period, 13 new cases were reported in Sierra Leone. The total number of cases is now up to 79 (18 confirmed, 3 probable, and 58 suspected), including 6 deaths.
….MSF notes the rise in cases may be due to a reluctance on the part of patients to go to hospital. The movement of infected people and cadavers is also a major issue. Families frequently transport dead bodies themselves in order to organise funerals other towns. The multiplication of affected areas makes it difficult to treat patients and control the epidemic. “The main challenges we face on the ground are resistance within communities and follow-up with of people who have crossed borders and may be infected.”
Ebola totals grow steadily in Guinea, Sierra Leone
A fresh round of Ebola virus infections in West Africa is continuing, with Guinea and Sierra Leone together reporting 52 more cases and Guinea reporting more deaths, according to an update from the World Health Organization (WHO) that covers outbreak developments between May 29 and Jun 1.
Guinea reported 39 new cases and 21 deaths in five different districts, pushing the total number so far to 328, of which 193 are lab confirmed. So far 208 deaths have been reported.
Health officials are following 604 contacts, and 16 patients are currently hospitalized.
Meanwhile, Sierra Leone reported 13 new cases in two different districts, lifting the country's total to 79 cases, of which 18 have been confirmed by lab tests. No new deaths were reported, keeping the total at 6. Four patients are in isolation at Kenema Hospital.
A patient from Sierra Leone with a suspected Ebola infection died in Foya, Liberia, and the individual's body was taken back to Kailahun in Sierra Leone for burial. The WHO said 11 contacts in Liberia are being monitored.
UK employees leave Sierra Leone over Ebola threat
A number of "non-essential" staff at a British firm in Sierra Leone have left the country following an outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus.
London Mining has restricted some travel to the area but said production at its Marampa mine was unaffected.
It said it was working with local and international agencies to monitor the situation.
….Iron ore company London Mining said essential staff continued to travel in and out of the country and it was carefully monitoring the health of all of its employees.
But non-essential travel of its staff to the region has been restricted.
The eight staff who had already left the country departed on regular flights, the firm added.
…."A number of non-essential personnel have left the country due to voluntary restrictions on non-essential travel.
…."Production at Marampa is not currently affected".
Growing Ebola Outbreak Threatens to Overwhelm Volunteers
…..Genetic analysis of the virus causing the current outbreaks show it’s distinct from the virus seen in east Africa. This suggests it may be from a local source. No one’s sure just where Ebola cames from. It can affect great apes but fruit bats are a prime suspect.
Garry, who was only scheduled to stay for a couple of weeks, now says he is not sure when he can leave. "I don't think it's going to be soon," he said.
Ebola Gets Worse in West Africa
The World Health Organization warned last Wednesday that the epidemic caused by the deadly Ebola virus in West Africa, which had seemed to be waning, has recently taken a turn for the worse. The afflicted nations and their neighbors will need to redouble their efforts to contain a virus for which there is neither a cure nor a vaccine.
Ebola Outbreak 'Tip of the Iceberg,' Experts Say
BY MAGGIE FOX
An "out of control" outbreak of Ebola in West Africa that’s being called the deadliest ever is far from over and it’s likely to get worse before it gets better, experts predict.
And health workers who have been fighting the outbreak, which spans three countries and has killed more than 300 people, say they are certain many cases are going unreported as they see gruesome infections, dangerous myths and people fleeing the virus, potentially spreading it further.
“This is the tip of the iceberg,” said Robert Garry, a microbiology professor at the Tulane University School of Medicine who’s been leading relief and investigation efforts in Sierra Leone for the Viral Hemorraghic Fever Consortium.
….A Doctors Without Borders official said Friday that the outbreak was out of control.
And the numbers make it clear this is the biggest outbreak yet of Ebola since the virus was first identified in 1976. The virus, which causes a particularly nasty form of hemorrhagic fever, has killed 337 people out of 528 infected.
“This is the biggest outbreak we have ever actually seen of Ebola,” Kazadi said. “It’s the biggest both in numbers and in terms of geography,” Garry agreed.
….Genetic testing makes it clear this particular Ebola outbreak is being caused by a local strain that arose in West Africa. Ebola had only been seen in central Africa before, but the discovery suggests that the virus had been circulating undetected before. Hemorrhagic fevers are common in Africa — Garry’s team was originally in Sierra Leone to study and fight another virus, one that causes Lassa fever.
….Bats are another suspected source. Bats carry hundreds of viruses and carry antibodies to Ebola, which suggests they can be infected. Bat meat could be one source, but so could bat spit.
“It’s mango season. The bats are eating the mangoes and the people are eating the mangoes,” Garry said.
It’s not an unusual idea. Researchers tracking Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus or MERS are also checking the theory that fruit-eating bats may spread that virus in their saliva.
originally posted by: Elliot
a reply to: soficrow
Wouldn't it be 'nice' if we could carry on with this very 'liberal' attitude towards Ebola and not quarantine?
Wouldn't it be 'nice' if there were no consequences to both 'action' and 'inacton'? .....Should we not 'offend' anyone by quarantining?
An outbreak should meet the following three criteria for quarantine to be a useful measure of disease control:
first, people likely to be incubating the infection must be efficiently and effectively identified;
second, those people must comply with the conditions of quarantine; and
third, the infectious disease in question must be transmissible in its presymptomatic or early symptomatic stages.
Q: How will the health department quarantine large areas? Thousands of people?
A: There are no DOH plans to impose mass quarantine or to close large areas as part of pandemic response. History teaches that such quarantine efforts are ineffective at best. ….
originally posted by: Elliot
a reply to: soficrow ....perhaps there is still a chance to 'isolate', 'quarantine'? ....There is NO other way at this point in time. No treatment, No Vaccine, No Anything except the very basic method of prevention.
Examples are avian influenza, Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis (BSE) and the Nipah virus. Some of the "lingering" zoonoses are re-emerging in some regions, .... Brucellosis, dog rabies and parasitic diseases such as cysticercosis/taeniasis and echinococcosis/hydatidosis for example.
Many factors lead to the emergence of zoonotic diseases. Environmental changes, human and animal demography, pathogen changes and changes in farming practice are a few of them. Social and cultural factors such as food habits and religious beliefs play a role too.
There are over 200 zoonotic diseases. The major zoonotic diseases WHO deals with are listed below. You will find an introduction to the disease and links to related information on the internet.
List of diseases
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)
Neglected zoonotic diseases
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD)
originally posted by: Elliot
a reply to: soficrow
I do understand what you are saying about isolating an area with an illness....
...isn't an attempt to isolate the virus the only chance of ...slowing it down ...?
The death rate of this illness is shocking.
In the absence of medication of any type, what kind of options do the African peoples have?
'Drastic action' needed on Ebola
"Drastic action" is needed to contain the spread of deadly Ebola in West Africa, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Nearly 400 people have died in the outbreak which started in Guinea and has spread to neighbouring Sierra Leone and Liberia.
It is the largest outbreak in terms of cases, deaths and geographical spread.
The WHO said it was "gravely concerned" and there was potential for "further international spread".
........The charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF/Doctors Without Borders) has already warned that the Ebola outbreak is out of control.
It says the epidemic will spread further unless there is a stronger international response.
Ebola virus: Can nations stop deadliest ever outbreak from spreading?
The World Health Organization has warned that "drastic action" is needed to halt the killer in its tracks.
It reports there have been 759 cases, including 467 deaths, in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia as of June 30. The outbreak began in March.
This makes it the "largest in terms of the number of cases and deaths as well as geographical spread," said WHO.
….The scientist who first discovered the Ebola virus in the 1970s, Dr. Peter Piot, told CNN's Christiane Amanpour that the situation is "unprecedented."
"One, [this is] the first time in West Africa that we have such an outbreak," he said.
"Secondly, it is the first time that three countries are involved. And thirdly it's the first time that we have outbreaks in capitals, in capital cities."