In this case, the flood he is talking about is the Black Sea Flood that took place c. 5600 BCE. He describes the early indigenous people of Anatolia
(modern-day Turkey) and he definitely describes them as a non-violent race of people who were the first to develop agriculture & lived an egalitarian
life-style in communities where there is no evidence of a caste system or elites. Furthermore, they have found absolutely no evidence that the early
Anatolians ever fought wars.
They were certainly amongst the first to practice agriculture and indeed there is no evidence of war or conflict amongst them, and their burial
practices support the notion that there was, at least, gender equality. As I pointed out though, conflict usually arises when there is competition
for resources, including breeding partners, or if there are other external
stressors present, such as harsh or dramatically changing
environmental factors. None of these were present at Catal Hoyuk. Over time, due to farming practices, the land lost it's fertility and yields
inevitably fell to the point where mortality due to food shortages may have resulted, but this only affected Catal Hoyuk, it was an internal problem,
one that was most likely remedied by groups moving on and establishing fresh settlements until the site was abandoned altogether.
I disagree with Wilson's hypothese that there was a mass migration to the Neoeuxine Lake/Black Sea region, however it is perfectly possible that some
may have traversed the not inconsiderable distance to the lake and intergrated with populations already there.
Many of the so-called "goddess statues" were found there & feminists assume this means that they were a goddess worshiping culture.
But I wonder about that. When I look at the statues, what I see is a wish for prosperity & I suspect that the statues were originally given away as
"good luck" symbols to couples who mated and decided to set up a household together and raise a family.
Women with huge boobs, bellies & buttocks are generally women who've given birth to a number of children, and very fat women are women whose husbands
have proven to be good providers. I think the statues represent a wish for many children & much food; sentiments that are surely understandable in a
society that had previously undergone the hardships of the last Ice Age.
Given the location of Catal Hoyuk it would be unwise to assume that they had ventured far enough north to have suffered the real hardships of the LGM,
but part of the evolution of creating fixed settlements is the development of the technology needed to store food as insurance against shortages.
This is, in part, what led to the Neolithic revolution and the development of agriculture. That, and the constriction of the semi-arid grasslands,
during the LGM, to the highland borders where Emmer and Spelt wheat were able to be genetically modified according to human needs. It is in those
areas, and because of the ice age's affect on the regions weather systems, that plant domestication was able to evolve when and as it did. In the
subsequent subpluvial period, when desert gave way to savannah, pastorialism similarly thrived, and key animals were domesticated. The 5.9 kiloyear
event, which precipitated the current dessication of the Sahara, and affected rainfall patterns throughout that latitude, led to the mass migration to
the river valleys, particularly in India, Africa and the Near East. This created conflict in some areas, where the interests of nomadic pastorialists
and settled farmers clashed over land ownership and what we would now term, grazing rights. In Northern Europe though, where competition for
resources was always somewhat more fierce both during and after the ice age, that conflict was always apparent. It reached it's peak as the land
adjusted to having the glacial weight of it's shoulders leading to substantial land rising and sea falls.
This was the race of people that built Gobekli-Tepi and they seem to represent about the only ancient society I know of that lived in peace and at the
same time enjoyed a great deal of prosperity.
The prosperity was relatively short lived, and despite the size of the Catal Hoyuk population, they were really a large tribe with no one to really
threaten them. There was no need for conflict.
I highly recommend Ian Wilson's book.
I appreciate the recommendation but I think that it is largely an opinion piece with a fair amount of cherry-picking of sources. Barry Cuncliffe's
Europe Between the Oceans 9000BC-AD1000 and Steven Mithen's After the Ice provide a more evidence based approach.