Ancient Trade Routes
The incidences of megalithic sites, very similar in design, and generally appearing along ancient trade routes and mining activities begs further research. Goods from bitumen, obsidian, jade, worked flint, pottery, and luxury items such as incense and spice have been transported throughout the prehistoric world. Perhaps they served as markers, boarders, and defense lines, weigh stations, processing centers, and housing for migrant workers . If these sites served a utilitarian purpose then their approximations to water ways and trade routes also makes sense. Maps, calendars, road signs, where to find food and shelter are all the same preoccupations I have when traveling. Not all of these stones need have been for defense, nor for any practical purpose at all. The continuity of their design though, through time and space is not explained by proponents of their mystical intentions. I use the word 'intention' as opposed to their 'eventual uses'.
"Few know of the ancient Middle Eastern structures which stretch from Syria to Yemen and could number more than 1 million can now be seen on Google Earth.... The structures have been classified into sub-categories including wheels, rings, pendants and cairns....could have been built up to 9,000 years ago. “These volcanic lava fields are the last place you’d expect to find these kinds of structures,” Kennedy said, “The landscape is not hospitable. It looks bleak and barren. They’re so unusual.” At least 3,000 structures have been found in Jordan....documented nearly 2,000 in Saudi Arabia.
Six step pyramids were discovered in 1998 near Guimar, a town on the eastern shore of Tenerife Island, the Canary Islands. They are still a mystery to archaeologists. The Pyramids of Guimar include six step pyramids with a rectangular ground plan reaching a maximum height of about 12 metres. They have a noticeable similarity to the pyramids built by the Maya and Aztecs in Mexico. They are rubble-filled with facings of black volcanic stone and are the result of multiple episodes of construction.
The main complex of three pyramids were found to be astronomically orientated with the sunset of the summer solstice. Stairways ascend from a level plaza to the top of each pyramid, where there is a flat summit platform covered with gravel. The stairways are all on the west wall, suggesting a ceremonial purpose, because someone ascending them on the morning of the solstice would be directly facing the rising sun.
Spain's Canary Islands off the northwest coast of Africa hardly seem a place for pyramids, but there seem to be six of them on Tenerife. The inhabitants have generally ignored these dilapidated piles of black volcanic stones. However, one perceptive native described them to Thor Heyerdahl of Kon Tiki fame and a leading proponent of cultural diffusion across all oceans.
The Canary Islands had been part of the route Columbus took to the Americas. He stopped in Tenerife for provisions in 1492. The Guanches on Tenerife in 1492 did not permit Columbus or any other Europeans to land on their island. They were not impressed by the physical appearance of the bearded Europeans, who looked like the Guanches themselves. But when Columbus and the Europeans who followed in his wake landed in the New World they were welcomed and initially worshipped as gods, since the beardless Indians they encountered believed that the Spanish belonged to the same people as the legendary founders of their civilization, bearded men from across the Atlantic Ocean.
NORTHAMPTON, Mass (Reuters) – A U.S.-led research team may have finally located the lost city of Atlantis, the legendary metropolis believed swamped by a tsunami thousands of years ago in mud flats in southern Spain.
"This is the power of tsunamis," head researcher Richard Freund told Reuters.
"It is just so hard to understand that it can wipe out 60 miles inland, and that's pretty much what we're talking about," said Freund, a University of Hartford, Connecticut, professor who lead an international team searching for the true site of Atlantis.
Dr Kuehne noticed that the war between Atlantis and the eastern Mediterranean described in Plato's writings closely resembled attacks on Egypt, Cyprus and the Levant during the 12th Century BC by mysterious raiders known as the Sea People. As a result, he proposes that the Atlanteans and the Sea People were in fact one and the same.
It makes sense that the sky was the clock and arrangements for meeting caravans for trade and times of shipping/ travel and meeting up etc, one needed some form of measuring time that everyone could understand and use.
Present day Greece & Turkey
A striking prehistoric example was recognised in the Golfe du Morbihan, France, where, on the tiny island of Er Lannic, a stone circle could by seen rising from the intertidal zone (Lukis 1868; Crawford 1927; Atkinson 1976), (see Figure 2.14, and also Plate 7p). Other semi-submerged megaliths were identified elsewhere on the north-west European seaboard, notably in the creek at Kernic near Plouscat in Finistere and in the ria or submerged valley which now forms the large inlet known as Cork Harbour, Eire (Study Area P20) (see also section 7.42).
While large prehistoric stone monuments in semi-submerged positions presented robust evidence of sea-level rise at a few specific locations on the European seaboard, the recognition of less overt evidence was slow to emerge. Ever since William Borlase had speculated on sea- level changes in the Isles of Scilly in 1753, the issue of the scale and pace of past submergence had been unresolved. Writing in 1927, Crawford drew attention to submerged archaeological evidence in these islands drawing particular attention to ancient stone walls or 'boulder hedges' which could be traced downhill and through the intertidal zone before being lost in the sub-tidal zone. He also noted that the Roman writer Solinus had referred to what appeared to be a single island, Siluram insulam, when he was apparently describing this place in the 3rd century AD (Crawford 1927)
The east coast of Scotland was struck by a 70 feet (21 m) high tsunami around 6100 BC, during the Mesolithic period. The wave was caused by the massive underwater Storegga slide off Norway, which occurred then. The tsunami even washed over some of the Shetland Islands. Tsunamite (the deposits left by a tsunami) dating from this event can be found at various locations around the coastal areas of Scotland, and are also a tourist feature in the Montrose Basin, where there is a layer of deposited sand about 0.6 metres (2.0 ft) thick.